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Hyperhomocysteinaemia has been identified as a risk factor for cerebrovascular, peripheral vascular and coronary heart disease. Elevated levels of plasma homocysteine can result from genetic or nutrient-related disturbances in the trans-sulphuration or re-methylation pathways for homocysteine metabolism. 5, 10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR)(More)
Low plasma homoarginine has emerged as a risk marker for cardiovascular disease. We exploited cells of a patient with a rare inborn error of metabolism to explore potential pathways of homoarginine synthesis, using stable isotopes and mass spectrometry. Control lymphoblasts, as opposed to lymphoblasts from an arginine:glycine amidinotransferase(More)
OBJECTIVE Migraine with aura is associated with increased risk of stroke. The MTHFR C677T genotype has been associated with increased risk of migraine in selected clinical samples and with elevated homocysteine, a risk factor for stroke. We assessed the association of the MTHFR C677T variant with migraine and the mediating effect of cardiovascular risk(More)
Recently, we showed that homozygosity for the common 677(C-->T) mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, causing thermolability of the enzyme, is a risk factor for neural-tube defects (NTDs). We now report on another mutation in the same gene, the 1298(A-->C) mutation, which changes a glutamate into an alanine residue. This mutation(More)
Four inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are known to cause hypermethioninemia by directly interfering with the methionine cycle. Hypermethioninemia is occasionally discovered incidentally, but it is often disregarded as an unspecific finding, particularly if liver disease is involved. In many individuals the hypermethioninemia resolves without further(More)
The most common mutation in the nephropathic cystinosis (CTNS) gene is a homozygous 57-kb deletion that also includes an adjacent gene carbohydrate kinase-like (CARKL). The latter gene encodes a protein that is predicted to function as a carbohydrate kinase. Cystinosis patients with the common 57-kb deletion had strongly elevated urinary concentrations of(More)
Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Genetic aberrations in the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genes may account for reduced enzyme activities and elevated plasma homocysteine levels. In 15 unrelated Dutch patients with homozygous CBS deficiency, we observed(More)
Neural tube closure takes place during early embryogenesis and requires interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Failure of neural tube closure is a common congenital malformation that results in morbidity and mortality. A major clinical achievement has been the use of periconceptional folic acid supplements, which prevents approximately(More)
OBJECTIVE Axonal degeneration is the likely cause of disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS). Our previous results indicated that neuron-specific N-acetylaspartate (NAA) is a candidate CSF biomarker for disease progression in MS. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of NAA as an early biomarker of axonal damage in MS. Next, we wanted to(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the relative risk of recurrent early pregnancy loss for different total plasma homocysteine and serum folate concentrations. METHODS In a case-control study, we measured homocysteine (fasting and afterload), folate (serum and red cells), pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, and cobalamin concentrations in 123 women who had at least two(More)