Henk Arie Schols

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Graduate School Experimental Plant Sciences, Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Wageningen University, Binnenhaven 5, 6709 PD Wageningen, The Netherlands (J.-P.V., R.J.F.J.O., R.G.F.V.); Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Wageningen University, Bomenweg 2, 6703 HD Wageningen, The Netherlands (J.-P.V., H.A.S., A.G.J.V.); Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue(More)
Antibody-producing hybridoma cell lines were created following immunisation with a crude extract of cell wall polymers from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana. In order to rapidly screen the specificities of individual monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), their binding to microarrays containing 50 cell wall glycans immobilized on nitrocellulose was assessed.(More)
The effect of process conditions used for wheat straw pretreatments on the liquor- and residue-composition was studied. Hereto, the pretreatment conditions were expressed in a 'combined severity R(0)(')-factor'. The higher the combined severity factor (R(0)(')) the more xylan was released from the wheat straw, but the more xylan decomposed and furfural(More)
Galactosyltransferases (GalTs), capable of transferring a galactosyl residue from UDP-galactose (UDP-Gal) to polysaccharide acceptor, were solubilized from flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) membranes using 0.5% CHAPS. The observed requirement for a rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) exogenous substrate to stimulate the solubilized GalT activity provided the first(More)
A monoclonal antibody (LM8) was generated with specificity for xyloglacturonan (XGA) isolated from pea (Pisum sativum L.) testae. Characterization of the LM8 epitope indicates that it is a region of XGA that is highly substituted with xylose. Immunocytochemical analysis indicates that this epitope is restricted to loosely attached inner parenchyma cells at(More)
Okra pods are commonly used in Asia as a vegetable, food ingredient, as well as a traditional medicine for many different purposes; for example, as diuretic agent, for treatment of dental diseases and to reduce/prevent gastric irritations. The healthy properties are suggested to originate from the high polysaccharide content of okra pods, resulting in a(More)
Pectins are diverse and very complex biomolecules and their structure depends on the plant species and tissue. It was previously shown that derivatives of pectic polymers and oligosaccharides from pectins have positive effects on human health. To obtain specific pectic oligosaccharides, highly defined enzymatic mixes are required. Filamentous fungi are(More)
Commercial cellulase preparations are potentially effective for processing biomass feedstocks in order to obtain bioethanol. In plant cell walls, cellulose fibrils occur in close association with xylans (monocotyls) or xyloglucans (dicotyls). The enzymatic conversion of cellulose/xylans is a complex process involving the concerted action of(More)
Plant cell walls are constructed from a diversity of polysaccharide components. Molecular probes directed to structural elements of these polymers are required to assay polysaccharide structures in situ, and to determine polymer roles in the context of cell wall biology. Here, we report on the isolation and the characterization of three rat monoclonal(More)
The recently described rhamnogalacturonase B, which is able to degrade ramified hairy regions of pectin, was found to be a rhamnogalacturonan alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyluronide lyase. The cleavage site and mechanism differ from that of the previously described rhamnogalacturonase A, which is a hydrolase and can now be termed(More)