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The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus contain a pacemaker that generates circadian rhythms in many functions. Light is the most important stimulus that synchronizes the circadian pacemaker to the environmental cycle. In this paper we have characterized the baseline neuronal firing patterns of the SCN as well as their response to light in(More)
BACKGROUND Circadian rhythms in mammalian behavior, physiology, and biochemistry are controlled by the central clock of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). The clock is synchronized to environmental light-dark cycles via the retino-hypothalamic tract, which terminates predominantly in the ventral SCN of the rat. In order to understand synchronization of the(More)
Circadian rhythms in neuronal ensemble, subpopulations, and single unit activity were recorded in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of rat hypothalamic slices. Decomposition of the ensemble pattern revealed that neuronal subpopulations and single units within the SCN show surprisingly short periods of enhanced electrical activity of approximately 5 h and(More)
The circadian pacemaker of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) functions as a seasonal clock through its ability to encode day length [1-6]. To investigate the mechanism by which SCN neurons code for day length, we housed mice under long (LD 16:8) and short (LD 8:16) photoperiods. Electrophysiological recordings of multiunit activity (MUA) in the SCN of(More)
4-Aminopyridine (4-AP) induced 2 types of spontaneous field potentials (SFPs) in the hippocampal slice. Type I resembled spontaneous activity induced by other convulsants. They occurred at a rate of approximately 1 Hz, started in the CA2/CA3 region and spread at a velocity of 0.3 m/s to area CA1. Transsection experiments and laminar profiles indicated that(More)
The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus continue to oscillate when they are isolated in a brain slice preparation. We recorded multiunit activity in the SCN of the rat both in vivo and in vitro to determine the circadian discharge pattern. The variability of the discharge pattern is larger and the amplitude of the rhythm is smaller in vivo than(More)
The mammalian master clock driving circadian rhythmicity in physiology and behavior resides within the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the anterior hypothalamus. Circadian rhythms are generated by a set of clock genes via intertwined negative and positive autoregulatory transcription-translation feedback loops. The Cryptochrome 1 and 2 genes are(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the anterior hypothalamus contains a major circadian pacemaker that imposes or entrains rhythmicity on other structures by generating a circadian pattern in electrical activity. The identification of "clock genes" within the SCN and the ability to dynamically measure their rhythmicity by using transgenic animals open up(More)
The circadian pacemaker of the suprachiasmatic nuclei is a complex multioscillator system, which controls circadian and seasonal rhythmicity. A number of clock genes have been identified that play a key role in the generation of circadian rhythms. These clock genes are expressed in a circadian manner as has been shown in mice, rats and hamsters. The time at(More)
OBJECTIVE Mammalian circadian rhythms are driven by the circadian pacemaker of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and are synchronized to the external 24-hour light/dark cycle. After advance time zone transitions (eastbound jet lag), overt circadian rhythms require several days to adjust. The retarded adaptation may protect against acute imbalance of(More)