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This study sought to describe and evaluate any relationship between D-dimer values and progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In patients with TBI, plasma D-dimer was measured while a computed tomography (CT) scan was conducted as soon as the patient was admitted to the emergency department. A series of other clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND Reports on the risk factors for combined craniocervical spine injury in comatose patients are rare. The incidence of concomitant cervical injury in comatose patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was determined herein. METHODS One thousand twenty-six comatose patients with TBI were examined. The clinical characteristics of combined(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who also have progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI), have a higher risk of clinical deterioration and worse outcomes than do TBI patients without PHI. Therefore, the early prediction of PHI occurrence is useful to evaluate the status of patients with TBI and to improve(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the changes of endostatin (a strong anti-angiogenesis factor) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the brain tissues of rabbits following cerebral ischemia induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). METHODS Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups: control (n = 5), sham-operation(More)
Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is a member of the sirtuin family of NAD(+) -dependent protein deacetylases. In recent years, SIRT2 inhibition has emerged as a promising treatment for neurodegenerative diseases. However, to date, there is no evidence of a specific role for SIRT2 in traumatic brain injury (TBI). We investigated the effects of SIRT2 inhibition on(More)
Progressive epidural hematoma (PEDH) after head injury is often observed on serial computerized tomography (CT) scans. Recent advances in imaging modalities and treatment might affect its incidence and outcome. In this study, PEDH was observed in 9.2% of 412 head trauma patients in whom two CT scans were obtained within 24 hours of injury, and in a majority(More)
Transforming growth factor-β 1 (TGFβ1) has a diverse role in astrogliosis and neuronal survival, but the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated, especially in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Here, we show that the expression of TGFβ1 was increased in the pericontusional region, accompanied with astrogliosis and neuronal loss in TBI rats. Moreover,(More)
We examined the incidence and timing of posttraumatic cerebral infarction (PTCI) and provide predictive factors for the development of PTCI in patients with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. Three hundred and fifty-three consecutive patients with moderate or severe head trauma were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence and timing of(More)
BACKGROUND Posttraumatic hydrocephalus is a common complication of head injury. However, hydrocephalus after tSAH has seldom been addressed. We present this clinical study to determine the incidence of hydrocephalus and analyze the risk factors for developing hydrocephalus in patients with tSAH. METHODS A consecutive series of 301 patients with tSAH were(More)
Recent studies have suggested that endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor endostatin/collagen XVIII might play an important role in the secondary brain injury following traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study, we measured endostatin/collagen XVIII concentrations serially for 1 week after hospitalization by using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method(More)