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The crystal structure of mammalian protein phosphatase-1, complexed with the toxin microcystin and determined at 2.1 A resolution, reveals that it is a metalloenzyme unrelated in architecture to the tyrosine phosphatases. Two metal ions are positioned by a central beta-alpha-beta-alpha-beta scaffold at the active site, from which emanate three surface(More)
Phospho-DARPP-32 (where DARPP-32 is dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein, Mr 32,000), its homolog, phospho-inhibitor-1, and inhibitor-2 are potent inhibitors (IC50 approximately 1 nM) of the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1). Our previous studies have indicated that a region encompassing residues 6-11 (RKKIQF) and phospho-Thr-34, of(More)
This study determined the prevalence of permanent three-rooted mandibular first molars and their morphology among a Taiwanese population by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Images from 744 patients were screened to obtain 123 samples for this study. All permanent mandibular first molars were evaluated in axial sections from the pulpal floor to(More)
The catalytic subunit of PP-1 (PP-1C) is potently inhibited (IC50, approximately 1 nM) by DARPP-32 (dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein, M(r) 32,000), inhibitor-1, and inhibitor-2. The NH2-terminal 50 amino acid residues of DARPP-32 and inhibitor-1 are similar, and phosphorylation of a common threonine residue (Thr-34/Thr-35) is necessary for(More)
One of the major causes of loosening of cementless acetabular cup implants is insufficient initial stability. This study used three-dimensional finite element models of the pelvis and acetabular components to investigate the effects of the number of screws, bone quality, and friction coefficient of the acetabular cup on the initial stability under normal(More)
In areas where the practise of betel quid chewing is widespread and the chewers also often smoke and drink alcohol, the relation between oral precancerous lesion and condition to the three habits is probably complex. To explore such association and their attributable effect on oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), a gender-age-matched(More)
This study compared the capabilities of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and dental cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in assessing trabecular bone parameters and cortical bone strength. Micro-CT and CBCT scans were applied to 28 femurs from 14 rats to obtain independent measurements of the volumetric cancellous bone mineral density (vCanBMD) in the(More)
PURPOSE The biomechanical effects of different strengths of grafted bone, bicortical anchorage, and dimensional alterations of a dental implant with maxillary sinus augmentation were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen finite element (FE) models that included five implant lengths, two implant diameters, and grafted bone with two levels of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the effect of bone quality on the stability of and stress in the artificial temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condylar prosthesis as well as on the stress and strain distributions in the bone. STUDY DESIGN Three-dimensional finite element models of the mandible and an artificial TMJ condylar prosthesis using 3 screws were(More)
BACKGROUND Strain gauge analysis and finite element (FE) simulations were used to estimate the bone strain and micromovement at the bone-implant interface (BII) for platform switching and different diameters of a single, immediately loaded mandibular implant. METHODS Four models were created, including 5-mm-diameter implants assembled with abutments that(More)