Hendrina A. de Boo

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Many studies have provided evidence for the hypothesis that size at birth is related to the risk of developing disease in later life. In particular, links are well established between reduced birthweight and increased risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and stroke in adulthood. These relationships are modified by patterns of postnatal(More)
To date, there is no known prenatal treatment for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). IGF-I is an important regulator of fetal growth and circulating IGF-I concentrations are reduced in IUGR fetuses. We investigated whether any of three different methods of fetal IGF-I administration would reverse IUGR in sheep. Animals were randomized into five groups:(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to investigate whether maternal growth hormone supplementation in pregnant sheep could reverse intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) induced by placental embolization. STUDY DESIGN Animals were randomized into control, intrauterine growth restriction + saline or intrauterine growth restriction + growth hormone (twice(More)
Urea production may be impaired in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), increasing the risk of toxic hyperammonaemia after birth. Arginine supplementation stimulates urea production, but its effects in IUGR are unknown. We aimed to determine the effects of IUGR and arginine supplementation on urea production and arginine metabolism in the ovine foetus.(More)
There is growing evidence that neonatal and long-term morbidity in preterm infants, particularly those born before 32 weeks' gestation, can be modified by attained growth rate in the neonatal period. Guidelines for optimal growth and the nutritional intakes, particular of protein, required to achieve this are not well defined. Due to delays in postnatal(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has life-long health implications, yet there is no effective prenatal treatment. Daily intra-amniotic administration of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 to IUGR fetal sheep improves fetal gut maturation but suppresses hepatic igf1 gene expression. Fetal hepatic blood supply is regulated, in part, by shunting of(More)
Frequent treatment of the growth-restricted (IUGR) ovine fetus with intra-amniotic IGF-1 increases fetal growth. We aimed to determine whether increased growth was maintained with an extended dosing interval and to examine possible mechanisms. Pregnant ewes were allocated to three groups: Control, and two IUGR groups (induced by placental embolization)(More)
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