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Capsaicin activates a non-specific cation conductance in mammalian sensory neurones. If capsaicin is applied continuously or repeatedly then there is a progressive decline in responsiveness. We have studied the mechanism of this desensitization using electrophysiological methods in cultured dorsal root ganglion neurones from adult rats. The rate of(More)
Recent data has indicated that the traditional view of Parkinson's disease (PD) as an isolated disorder of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system alone is an oversimplification of its complex symptomatology. Aside from classical motor deficits, various non-motor symptoms including autonomic dysfunction, sensory and cognitive impairments as well as(More)
The characteristics of 5-HT1A-recognition sites and receptor-mediated release of intracellular calcium were established in two transfected HeLa cell lines (HA 6 and HA 7) expressing different levels of human 5-HT1A receptors (about 3000 and 500 fmol/mg protein, Fargin et al. 1989; 1991; Raymond et al. 1989). The pharmacological profiles of the binding(More)
The absence of selective antagonists makes receptor characterization difficult, and largely dependent on the use of agonists. However, there has been considerable debate as to whether certain drugs acting at G protein-coupled receptors are better described as agonists, partial agonists or antagonists. Indeed many agonists tend to display differences in(More)
We have studied the effect of serotonin on synaptic transmission in rat hippocampal subiculum slices. Electrical stimulation of the alveus induced a field potential in the subiculum. The non-NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist, NBQX (3 x 10(-6) mol/l) suppressed the response by 78%, indicating that the signal involves glutamatergic neurons. Application of(More)
In this study we have used electrophysiological and metabolic markers to investigate the effects of competitive and non-competitive NMDA antagonists in rats after central or peripheral administration. The non-competitive antagonist, MK-801, induced dose-dependent suppression of rat hippocampal EEG energy both after intraperitoneal (i.p.) and(More)
We have shown previously that activation of 5-HT1B serotonin receptors mediates suppression of the amplitude of evoked potentials in the subiculum [2]. Here we show that after application of 5-HT (10 microM), excitatory postsynaptic potentials of subicular neurons have reduced amplitudes with no change in membrane potential, input resistance and presynaptic(More)
1. The substituted benzamides, zacopride and BRL 24924 induced dose-dependent increases of the total EEG-energy of rats when applied intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) with ED50 values of 8.0 +/- 0.6 and 3.6 +/- 0.9 micrograms, respectively. Not only the energy of the low frequency hippocampal theta rhythm but also that of the other frequency bands was(More)
Intrahippocampal injection of the endogenous excitotoxin quinolinic acid (QUIN) induces seizures together with local, delayed neurodegeneration in specific cell layers. In situ hybridization histochemistry was used to study the spatio-temporal pattern of expression of neurotrophins (NTFs) after this treatment. As in other excitatory paradigms, nerve growth(More)
The EEG of halothane anaesthetized rats was recorded from an electrode implanted into the hippocampus. In the present study the effect of R(+)- and S(-)-zacopride, administered intra-cerebroventricularly, on different frequency bands of the EEG was investigated. Both enantiomers induced similar dose-dependent (5-20 micrograms) increases in all frequency(More)