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The energy landscapes of human telomeric G-quadruplexes are complex, and their folding pathways have remained largely unexplored. By using real-time NMR spectroscopy, we investigated the K(+)-induced folding of the human telomeric DNA sequence 5'-TTGGG(TTAGGG)3 A-3'. Three long-lived states were detected during folding: a major conformation (hybrid-1), a(More)
The WeNMR ( http://www.wenmr.eu ) project is a European Union funded international effort to streamline and automate analysis of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Small Angle X-Ray scattering (SAXS) imaging data for atomic and near-atomic resolution molecular structures. Conventional calculation of structure requires the use of various software packages,(More)
The unstructured N-terminal domain of the transcriptional cofactor PC4 contains multiple phosphorylation sites that regulate activity. The phosphorylation status differentially influences the various biochemical functions performed by the structured core of PC4. Binding to ssDNA is slightly enhanced by phosphorylation of one serine residue, which is not(More)
The cell division cycle protein 37 (Cdc37) and the 90-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90) are molecular chaperones, which are crucial elements in the protein signaling pathway. The largest class of client proteins for Cdc37 and Hsp90 are protein kinases. The catalytic domains of these kinases are stabilized by Cdc37, and their proper folding and functioning is(More)
G-quadruplex structures can be formed at the single-stranded overhang of telomeric DNA, and ligands able to stabilize this structure have recently been identified as potential anticancer drugs. Among the potential G-quadruplex binders, we have studied the binding ability of berberine and sanguinarine, two members of the alkaloid family, an important class(More)
The protein parvulustat (Z-2685) from Streptomyces parvulus comprises 78 amino acids and functions as a highly efficient alpha-amylase inhibitor. Parvulustat shares 29.6 % overall amino acid sequence identity to the well-known alpha-amylase inhibitor tendamistat. Among the conserved residues are the two disulfide bridges (C9-C25, C43-C70) and the(More)
Herpes simplex virion protein 16 (VP16) contains two strong activation regions that can independently and cooperatively activate transcription in vivo. We have identified the regions and residues involved in the interaction with the human transcriptional coactivator positive cofactor 4 (PC4) and the general transcription factor TFIIB. NMR and biochemical(More)
The protocols currently used for protein structure determination by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) depend on the determination of a large number of upper distance limits for proton-proton pairs. Typically, this task is performed manually by an experienced researcher rather than automatically by using a specific computer program. To assess whether it is(More)
To the Editor: NMR spectroscopy is currently the only technique for determining the solution structure of biological macromolecules. This typically requires both the assignment of resonances and a labor-intensive analysis of multidimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY) spectra, in which peaks are matched to assigned resonances. Software(More)
We present a high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solution structure of a 14-mer RNA hairpin capped by cUUCGg tetraloop. This short and very stable RNA presents an important model system for the study of RNA structure and dynamics using NMR spectroscopy, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and RNA force-field development. The extraordinary high(More)