Learn More
The exact delineation of chronic brain lesions is a crucial step when investigating the relationship between brain structure and (dys-)function. For this, manual tracing, although very time-consuming, is still the gold standard. In order to assess the possible contributions from other methods, we compared manual tracing of lesion boundaries with a newly(More)
This study investigates whether the type of corticospinal reorganization (identified by transcranial magnetic stimulation) influences the efficacy of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). Nine patients (five males, four females; mean age 16y [SD 6y 5mo], range 11-30y) controlling their paretic hand via ipsilateral corticospinal projections from the(More)
AIM Early unilateral brain lesions can lead to a persistence of ipsilateral corticospinal projections from the contralesional hemisphere, which can enable the contralesional hemisphere to exert motor control over the paretic hand. In contrast to the primary motor representation (M1), the primary somatosensory representation (S1) of the paretic hand always(More)
This study investigates the (re-)organization of somatosensory functions following early brain lesions. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), passive hand movement was studied. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) were used as complementary methods. fMRI data was analyzed on the first level with regard to(More)
Cardiogenic shock occurring after acute neonatal myocardial infarction (MI) due to coronary artery thrombosis is very rarely encountered. Acute neonatal MI typically presents suddenly with usually a fatal outcome. Treatment options in patients with this condition are limited. There are previous case reports in the literature advocating the use of(More)
To assess motor cortex plasticity after constraint-induced movement therapy in patients with ischemic perinatal stroke, functional MRI and transcranial magnetic stimulation were applied. Seven hemiparetic patients with ischemic perinatal stroke of the middle cerebral artery and preserved crossed corticospinal projections to the paretic hand were studied(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess neuromodulative effects of CIMT in congenital hemiparesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ten patients (age range: 10-30 years) with congenital hemiparesis due to unilateral cortico-subcortical infarctions in the middle cerebral artery territory, and with preserved cortico-spinal projections from the affected hemisphere(More)
Functional MR imaging is dependent on the hemodynamic response function of the brain. Cerebrovascular anomalies may lead to hemodynamic artifacts, contorting the true localization of neural activation. This is illustrated in the case of a 4-year-old boy with an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the left central region undergoing extensive functional(More)
BACKGROUND Early unilateral brain lesions can lead to different types of corticospinal (re-)organization of motor networks. In one group of patients, the contralesional hemisphere exerts motor control not only over the contralateral non-paretic hand but also over the (ipsilateral) paretic hand, as the primary motor cortex is (re-)organized in the(More)
The developing brain possesses a high potential for neuroplasticity. Yet, this remarkable potential of (re-)organization is not a general principle. It seems to vary among different functional systems. Here, we show that distinct brain structures involved in somatosensory processing are already prenatally determined so that a pre- or perinatally acquired(More)