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The opacity (Opa) proteins of pathogenic Neisseria spp. are adhesins, which play an important role in adhesion and invasion of host cells. Most members of this highly variable family of outer membrane proteins can bind to the human carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs). Several studies have identified the Opa-binding region on(More)
Meningococcal outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) have been extensively investigated and successfully implemented as vaccines. They contain pathogen-associated molecular patterns, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS), capable of triggering innate immunity. However, Neisseria meningitidis contains an extremely potent hexa-acylated LPS, leading to adverse effects(More)
Two genes homologous to lpxL and lpxM from Escherichia coli and other gram-negative bacteria, which are involved in lipid A acyloxyacylation, were identified in Neisseria meningitidis strain H44/76 and insertionally inactivated. Analysis by tandem mass spectrometry showed that one of the resulting mutants, termed lpxL1, makes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with(More)
The immunogenicity of outer membrane complexes (OMCs) or heat-inactivated bacteria of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-deficient mutant derived from meningococcal strain H44/76 was studied. The immune response in BALB/c mice to the major outer membrane proteins was poor compared to the immune response elicited by wild-type immunogens. However, addition of(More)
The opacity (Opa) proteins of Neisseria meningitidis are outer membrane proteins involved in adhesion and invasion of host epithelial cells and are therefore expected to play an important role in colonisation of the nasopharynx. The majority of meningococcal Opa proteins bind to members of the CEACAM receptor family, such as CEA. Blocking of the Opa-CEACAM(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis worldwide. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a major component of the Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane, is sensed by mammalian cells through Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), resulting in activation of proinflammatory cytokine pathways. TLR4 recognizes the lipid A moiety of the LPS(More)
Opacity-associated (Opa) proteins are outer membrane proteins which play a critical role in the adhesion of pathogenic Neisseria spp. to epithelial and endothelial cells and polymorphonuclear neutrophils. The adherence is mainly mediated by the CD66-epitope-containing members of the carcinoembryonic-antigen family of human cell-adhesion molecules (CEACAM).(More)
This paper describes the development of a murine bank of monoclonal antibodies against Bordetella pertussis toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), pili, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or outer membrane proteins (OMPs). Subunits S1, S2, S3 of pertussis toxin (PT) bound immunoglobulins and glycoproteins such as fetuin and haptoglobin in an unspecific manner. The(More)
Recent data indicate that rheumatoid factors (RFs) that occur in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are derived from Ig-producing terminally differentiated CD20-, CD38+ plasma cells present in synovial fluids (SFs). Phage antibody display libraries were constructed using CD38+ plasma cells isolated from SFs of two RF-seropositive RA patients. The(More)
The whole cell vaccine (WCV) of Bordetella pertussis is protective in the intracerebral (i.c.) mouse protection assay. We found a correlation between the i.c. mouse protection assay potency and the presence of the virulence-associated outer membrane proteins (OMPs) in outer membrane complexes (OMC). The virulence-associated 92, 32 and 30 kDa OMPs were(More)