Hendrik Bielau

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OBJECTIVES Suicide has a high prevalence in patients with schizophrenia and affective disorder. Our recent postmortem study [Steiner J, Mawrin C, Ziegeler A, Bielau H, Ullrich O, Bernstein HG, Bogerts B. Distribution of HLA-DR-positive microglia in schizophrenia reflects impaired cerebral lateralization. Acta Neuropathologica (Berl) 2006;112:305-16.](More)
Immune dysfunction, including monocytosis and increased blood levels of interleukin-1, interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor α has been observed during acute episodes of major depression. These peripheral immune processes may be accompanied by microglial activation in subregions of the anterior cingulate cortex where depression-associated alterations of(More)
S100B is considered an astrocytic in-situ marker and protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum are often used as biomarker for astrocytic damage or dysfunction. However, studies on S100B in the human brain are rare. Thus, the distribution of S100B was studied by immunohistochemistry in adult human brains to evaluate its cell-type specificity.(More)
Elevated blood levels of S100B in neuropsychiatric disorders have so far been mainly attributed to glial pathologies. However, increases or dysfunction of adipose tissue may be alternatively responsible. Our study assessed S100B serum levels in 60 adult subjects without a prior history of neuropsychiatric disorders. S100B concentrations were closely(More)
BACKGROUND The habenular complex is composed of important relay nuclei linking the limbic forebrain to the midbrain and brain stem nuclei. Based on clinical observations, experiments with animals and theoretical considerations, it has been speculated that this brain area might be involved in psychiatric diseases (i.e. schizophrenia and depression). However,(More)
Structural changes in subcortical nuclei may underlie clinical symptoms of mood disorders. The goal was to determine whether macrostructural changes exist in brain areas assumed to be involved in regulation of mood and whether such changes differ between major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. A case–control design was used to compare volumes of all(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS), neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) proteins function in neuronal migration, differentiation, and survival of oligodendrocytes. The NRG-1 gene codes for at least 15 different isoforms, which may be classified on the basis of their molecular structure. At least two different haplotypes of the NRG-1 gene may be associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The biological basis of unipolar-bipolar dichotomy of mood disorders was investigated in this postmortem study by morphological comparison of the locus coeruleus (LC) as the main source of noradrenergic transmission in the brain. METHODS Numbers and the rostro-caudal as well as ventro-dorsal distribution of neuromelanin-containing neurones in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess levels of glial fibrillar acidic protein (GFAP), myelin basic protein (MBP), neurone-specific enolase (NSE) and S100B in patients with first-onset schizophrenia. METHOD We investigated CSF and serum samples from 12 patients with first-onset schizophrenia and from 17 control subjects by ELISA (GFAP, MBP) or immunoluminometric sandwich(More)
Depression is frequently associated with dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which leads to repeated episodes of hypercortisolemia. Hypothalamic paraventricular neurons are believed to trigger these processes by aberrant generation and/or release of corticotropin releasing hormone, oxytocin, vasopressin, and nitric oxide (NO).(More)