Hendricus Van Wilgenburg

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Dexamethasone (50 microgram/kg) significantly increased the LD50 of d-tubocurarine (d-TC) when administered i.p. simultaneously with d-TC. Choline (50 and 100 mg/kg) gave some protection against the lethal effects of d-TC and the cholinesterase inhibitors neostigmine (250 microgram/kg) and physostigmine (1000 microgram/kg) provided full protection against(More)
In the rat phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation the twitch tension and tetanic contractions, already reduced by d-tubocurarine, succinylchloride or neostigmine, are further reduced by the venom of the digger wasp Philanthus triangulum F. The venom reduces the temperature- and voltage-sensitivity of the acetylcholine-receptor-activated ion channels, at the(More)
Low concentrations of dexamethasone (up to 200 nM) increase the accumulation of choline (Ch) and its incorporation into acetylcholine (ACh) in the endplate rich area (EPA) of stimulated and unstimulated diaphragms in the presence of 10 microM Ch. Tissue ACh is not significantly altered, even after 140 min incubation. The specific radioactivity of the ACh in(More)
Pentobarbital and benzodiazepines were compared in their interaction with the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antagonists picrotoxin and bicuculline on GABAA receptor-mediated events. On excised vagal nerves and dorsal roots pentobarbital, in contrast to the benzodiazepines diazepam, lorazepam and flurazepam, was able to enhance GABA-induced depolarizations(More)
The effect of diazepam (Valium), administered by i.p. injection on the cross-sectional area of synaptic vesicle profiles of the endplate-rich area of the rate diaphragm was studied by electron microscopy at 15-180 min after treatment. In the dose range of 0.25-10 mg/kg, diazepam induced a significant increase of the size of the synaptic vesicles. This(More)
Canadian Aboriginal youth show high rates of excessive drinking, hopelessness, and depressive symptoms. We propose that Aboriginal adolescents with higher levels of hopelessness are more susceptible to depressive symptoms, which in turn predispose them to drinking to cope-which ultimately puts them at risk for excessive drinking. Adolescent drinkers (n =(More)
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