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Telomeric DNA of mammalian chromosomes consists of several kilobase-pairs of tandemly repeated sequences with a terminal 3' overhang in single-stranded form. Maintaining the integrity of these repeats is essential for cell survival; telomere attrition is associated with chromosome instability and cell senescence, whereas stabilization of telomere length(More)
Results are reported from the complete salt phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory experiment in which NaCl was dissolved in the D 2 O target. The addition of salt enhanced the signal from neutron capture, as compared to the pure D 2 O detector. By making a statistical separation of charged-current events from other types based on event-isotropy(More)
A search has been made for neutrinos from the hep reaction in the Sun and from the diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB) using data collected during the first operational phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, with an exposure of 0.65 ktons yr. For the hep neutrino search, two events are observed in the effective electron energy range of 14:3 MeV(More)
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Data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory have been used to constrain the lifetime for nucleon decay to "invisible" modes, such as n-->3nu. The analysis was based on a search for gamma rays from the deexcitation of the residual nucleus that would result from the disappearance of either a proton or neutron from 16O. A limit of tau(inv)>2 x 10(29) yr is(More)
A search has been made for sinusoidal periodic variations in the 8 B solar neutrino flux using data collected by the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory over a 4-year time interval. The variation at a period of 1 yr is consistent with modulation of the 8 B neutrino flux by the Earth's orbital eccentricity. No significant sinusoidal periodicities are found with(More)
The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory uses a 252 Cf source to measure the neutron detection efficiency of its detector. We propose a method, the Time Series Analysis, that uses pairs of time intervals between the detected events to find the neutron detection efficiency, the probability to detect from a fission the prompt γ-rays, the neutron mean life inside the(More)
The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory has precisely determined the total active (nu(x)) 8B solar neutrino flux without assumptions about the energy dependence of the nu(e) survival probability. The measurements were made with dissolved NaCl in heavy water to enhance the sensitivity and signature for neutral-current interactions. The flux is found to be 5.21 +/-(More)
This article provides the complete description of results from the Phase I data set of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). The Phase I data set is based on a 0.65 kiloton-year exposure of 2 H 2 O (in the following denoted as D 2 O) to the solar 8 B neutrino flux. Included here are details of the SNO physics and detector model, evaluations of systematic(More)