Henderikus G. O. M. Smid

Learn More
The medial temporal lobe (MTL) is essential for episodic memory encoding, as evidenced by memory deficits in patients with MTL damage. However, previous functional neuroimaging studies have either failed to show MTL activation during encoding or they did not differentiate between two MTL related processes: novelty assessment and episodic memory encoding.(More)
What cognitive processes underlie event-related brain potential (ERP) effects related to visual multidimensional selective attention and how are these processes organized? We recorded ERPs when participants attended to one conjunction of color, global shape and local shape and ignored other conjunctions of these attributes in three discriminability(More)
Event related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 13 subjects while performing a lexical decision task. Regular and irregular German principles were presented twice (identical repetition) or were primed by their related infinitives (morphological repetition). Regular participles primed by their infinitives displayed ERP waveforms similar to those(More)
EVENT-RELATED potentials were obtained during study and recognition of word pairs in an incidental learning paradigm. Word pairs were studied either by performing a semantic judgment separately for each word (non-associative encoding) or by creating a semantic association between the two words (associative encoding). Only word pairs encoded associatively(More)
In discussions of process models of human information processing, the continuous flow conception (Eriksen and Schultz 1979) plays a prominent role. A central prediction of this conception is that any information in a display associated with a response activates that response as soon as it becomes available in the perceptual system. If it concerns the(More)
Episodic memory encoding and distinctiveness detection were examined using event-related potentials (ERP) in a single-trial word list learning paradigm with free recall following distraction. To manipulate distinctiveness, encoding of high- and very low-frequency words was contrasted. Amplitudes of the N400 and late positive component (LPC) were larger for(More)
One of the most frequently applied methods to study abnormal cognition is the Continuous Performance Task (CPT). It is unclear, however, which cognitive functions are engaged in normal CPT performance. The aims of the present study were to identify the neurocognitive functions engaged in the main variants of the CPT and to determine to what extent these(More)
BACKGROUND Prior research on the nature of the vulnerability of neuroticism to psychopathology suggests biases in information processing towards emotional rather than neutral information. It is unclear to what extent this relationship can be explained by genetic or environmental factors. METHOD The genetic relationship between a neuroticism composite(More)
Impairment of sustained attention is assumed to be a core cognitive abnormality in schizophrenia. However, this seems inconsistent with a recent hypothesis that in schizophrenia the implementation of selection (i.e., sustained attention) is intact but the control of selection (i.e., switching the focus of attention) is impaired. Mounting evidence supports(More)
Although neuroendocrine changes after induction of hypoglycemia, in patients with diabetes and healthy persons, are thoroughly investigated, cognitive adaptation processes are still insufficiently understood. Changes in cognitive functions are mainly investigated by psychometric tests, which represent a summation of different cognitive processes. We aimed(More)