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BACKGROUND Circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) improve cardiovascular function and organ perfusion by enhancing the capacities of endothelial repair and neovasculogenesis. This study investigates whether exercise regimens with/without hypoxia affect cardiac and muscular hemodynamics by modulating CPCs and angiogenic factors. METHODS Forty sedentary males(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the change of the intermuscular cross-correlation and coherence of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus medialis (VM) and vastus lateralis (VL) during exhausting stepping exercise. Eleven healthy adults repeated the stepping exercise up to their individual endurance limits (RPE score reached 20), and the cross-correlation and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the predictors of minimal clinically important changes on outcome measures after robot-assisted therapy (RT). DESIGN Observational cohort study. SETTING Outpatient rehabilitation clinics. PARTICIPANTS A cohort of outpatients with stroke (N=55). INTERVENTIONS Patients with stroke received RT for 90 to 105min/d, 5d/wk, for 4(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia disturbs hemorheological/hemodynamic properties, whereas aerobic interval training (AIT) achieves a superior aerobic fitness in patients with heart failure (HF). This study investigated whether AIT influences functional capacity by modulating hemorheological/hemodynamic functions in HF patients with/without anemia. METHODS Sixty HF(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the possibility of restoring the adapted spinal circuit after spinal cord injury (SCI) by means of long-term continuous passive motion (CPM) of the ankle joint. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial with repeated measures. SETTING Research laboratory in a general hospital. PARTICIPANTS Individuals with motor complete SCI (N=14)(More)
BACKGROUND Despite of stiffening change of conduit arteries, how total peripheral resistance (TPR) is adapted to chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) remains unclear. AIM To investigate how chronic cervical SCI influences hemodynamic characteristics DESIGN Cross-sectional, case-control study. SETTING Rehabilitation department in the tertiary medical(More)
OBJECTIVES Pushing tasks are functional activities of daily living. However, shoulder complaints exist among workers exposed to regular pushing conditions. It is crucial to investigate the control of shoulder girdles during pushing tasks. The objective of the study was to demonstrate scapular muscle activities and motions on the dominant side during pushing(More)
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset developmental disorder characterized by involuntary motor and vocal tics. Previous studies have indicated that children with TS demonstrate postural control anomalies when standing. The aim of this study was to compare postural stability under normal and altered sensory conditions in children with TS and healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of ankle continuous passive motion on the reflex excitability and overall hypertonia of calf muscles in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury and without physical disabilities. DESIGN Two-way repeated measure experimental design. SETTING Inpatient rehabilitation department in general hospital. SUBJECTS The spinal(More)
Power wheelchairs are essential for many individuals with mobility impairment. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of bimanual gliding (BG) and conventional joystick (CJ) control in an indoor environment, with application to (1) wheelchair driving performance (i.e., practice time, completion time, and driving deviation) and (2)(More)