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INTRODUCTION Diffuse luminance flicker increases retinal vessel diameters in animals and humans, indicating the ability of the retina to adapt to different metabolic demands. The current study seeks to clarify whether flicker-induced vasodilatation of retinal vessels is diminished in glaucoma patients. METHODS Thirty-one patients with early stage glaucoma(More)
It has been shown that diffuse luminance flicker increases optic nerve head blood flow. The current study has been performed to quantify changes in retinal blood flow during flicker stimulation. In a group of 11 healthy volunteers, red blood cell velocity and retinal vessel diameters were assessed with bi-directional laser Doppler velocimetry and the Zeiss(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Stimulation of the retina with flickering light increases retinal arterial and venous diameters in animals and humans, indicating a tight coupling between neural activity and blood flow. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this response is altered in patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. METHODS 26 patients(More)
Glaucoma is a group of ocular diseases characterized by optic neuropathy associated with loss of the retinal nerve fibre layer and re-modelling of the optic nerve head, and a subsequent particular pattern of visual field loss. Increased intraocular pressure is the most important risk factor for the disease, but the pathogenesis of glaucoma is not(More)
PURPOSE There is evidence from theoretical models and animal studies that the biomechanical properties of the optic nerve head and the sclera play a role in the pathophysiology of glaucoma. There are, however, only a few data available that demonstrate such biomechanical alterations in vivo. In this study, the hypothesis was that patients with primary(More)
PURPOSE Various studies have shown that retinal vessels in patients with diabetes mellitus have a reduced capacity to adapt to changes in perfusion pressure and to stimulation with flickering light. Structural and functional changes in retinal vessels in diabetes could lead to a general reduction of vasodilator and/or vasoconstrictor capacity. To gain more(More)
PURPOSE It has been hypothesized that carbon monoxide (CO) acts as an important vascular paracrine factor and plays a role in blood flow regulation in several tissues. The present study investigated the effect of inhaled CO on retinal and choroidal blood flow. METHODS Fifteen healthy male volunteers were studied in a randomized, double-masked,(More)
Vitamin D deficiency is frequently observed in patients with Crohn's disease and may be associated with an increased risk of development of metabolic bone disease. To estimate the incidence of metabolic bone disease by noninvasive methods, 31 patients (17–75 years old) with Crohn's disease and low 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) levels in winter were(More)
PURPOSE Nitric oxide (NO) is among the most important regulators of ocular perfusion. L-arginine, an amino acid, is the precursor of NO synthesis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether administration of L-arginine affects ocular blood flow. DESIGN L-arginine (1 g/min) or placebo was administered intravenously for 30 minutes in 12 healthy(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of intravenously administered histamine on both retinal and choroidal blood flow in humans. METHODS A randomized, double-masked, two-way crossover study was performed in 14 healthy volunteers. Placebo or histamine was administered intravenously in stepwise increasing doses (0.08 microg/kg/min, 0.16 microg/kg/min, and 0.32(More)