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INTRODUCTION Diffuse luminance flicker increases retinal vessel diameters in animals and humans, indicating the ability of the retina to adapt to different metabolic demands. The current study seeks to clarify whether flicker-induced vasodilatation of retinal vessels is diminished in glaucoma patients. METHODS Thirty-one patients with early stage glaucoma(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Stimulation of the retina with flickering light increases retinal arterial and venous diameters in animals and humans, indicating a tight coupling between neural activity and blood flow. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this response is altered in patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. METHODS 26 patients(More)
Vitamin D deficiency is frequently observed in patients with Crohn's disease and may be associated with an increased risk of development of metabolic bone disease. To estimate the incidence of metabolic bone disease by noninvasive methods, 31 patients (17–75 years old) with Crohn's disease and low 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) levels in winter were(More)
Glaucoma is a group of ocular diseases characterized by optic neuropathy associated with loss of the retinal nerve fibre layer and re-modelling of the optic nerve head, and a subsequent particular pattern of visual field loss. Increased intraocular pressure is the most important risk factor for the disease, but the pathogenesis of glaucoma is not(More)
PURPOSE Various studies have shown that retinal vessels in patients with diabetes mellitus have a reduced capacity to adapt to changes in perfusion pressure and to stimulation with flickering light. Structural and functional changes in retinal vessels in diabetes could lead to a general reduction of vasodilator and/or vasoconstrictor capacity. To gain more(More)
It has been shown that diffuse luminance flicker increases optic nerve head blood flow. The current study has been performed to quantify changes in retinal blood flow during flicker stimulation. In a group of 11 healthy volunteers, red blood cell velocity and retinal vessel diameters were assessed with bi-directional laser Doppler velocimetry and the Zeiss(More)
PURPOSE There is evidence from theoretical models and animal studies that the biomechanical properties of the optic nerve head and the sclera play a role in the pathophysiology of glaucoma. There are, however, only a few data available that demonstrate such biomechanical alterations in vivo. In this study, the hypothesis was that patients with primary(More)
BACKGROUND Habitual smoking is a risk factor for a variety of vascular diseases, including ocular pathologies. In the current study, we set out to investigate whether the regulation of retinal vascular tone is impaired in habitual smokers. For this purpose, vascular reactivity was tested during flicker light induced vasodilatation in smokers and in a(More)
PURPOSE It has been shown that stimulation with diffuse luminance flicker induces vasodilatation in the human retina and increases optic nerve head (ONH) blood flow. The present study was designed to investigate the influence of a short-term increase in intraocular pressure on flicker-induced changes in ONH blood flow and retinal vessel diameters. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Several lines of evidence indicate that altered blood flow regulation may contribute to the pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Recent data support the hypothesis that the endothelin system is involved in the processes that lead to vascular dysregulation in glaucoma. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that bosentan, a dual(More)