Hemanta Kumar Majumder

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AbstractThe parasites of the order kinetoplastidae including Leishmania spp. emerge from most ancient phylogenic branches of unicellular eukaryotic lineages. In their life cycle, topoisomerase I plays a significant role in carrying out vital cellular processes. Camptothecin (CPT), an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase I, induces programmed cell death (PCD) both(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is an important constituent of the signaling pathways involved in apoptosis. We report here that like staurosporine, withaferin A is a potent inhibitor of PKC. In Leishmania donovani, the inhibition of PKC by withaferin A causes depolarization of ΔΨm and generates ROS inside cells. Loss of ΔΨm leads to the release of cytochrome c into(More)
Leishmania, a unicellular trypanosomatid protozoan parasite, causes a wide range of human diseases ranging from the localized self-healing cutaneous lesions to fatal visceral leishmaniasis. However, it undergoes a process of programmed cell death during treatment with the topoisomerase I poison camptothecin (CPT). The present study shows that CPT-induced(More)
In the post-genomic perspective, the quest of programmed cell death (PCD) mechanisms in kinetoplastid parasites lies in the identification and characterization of cell death executer proteins. Here, we show that baicalein (BLN), a potent topoisomerase IB inhibitor, generates an oxidative stress in the parasites leading to altered physiological and(More)
The expression of surface lipophosphoglycan (LPG) and the lipophosphoglycan-associated kinetoplastid membrane protein (KMP)-11 was studied in the strain AG83 of Leishmania donovani in axenic culture. The expression of LPG and KMP-11 decreased along with parasite virulence as a function of the time of the subculture.
The protozoan parasites Trypanosoma, Leishmania and Crithidia, which belong to the order kinetoplastidae, emerge from the most ancient eukaryotic lineages. The diversity found in the life cycle of these organisms must be directed by genetic events, wherein topoisomerases play an important role in cellular processes affecting the topology and organization of(More)
Mitochondria are the principal site for the generation of cellular ATP by oxidative phosphorylation. F0F1-ATP synthase, a complex V of the electron transport chain, is an important constituent of mitochondria-dependent signaling pathways involved in apoptosis. In the present study, we have shown for the first time that 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), a DNA(More)
Curcumin, a polyphenol compound, has been recognized as a promising anti-cancer drug. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the cytotoxicity of curcumin to Leishmania donovani, the causative agent for visceral leishmaniasis. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that curcumin induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. Incubation of Leishmania(More)
Emergence of the bi-subunit topoisomerase I in the kinetoplastid family (Trypanosoma and Leishmania) has brought a new twist in topoisomerase research related to evolution, functional conservation and preferential sensitivities to the specific inhibitors of type IB topoisomerase family. In the present study, we describe that naturally occurring flavones(More)