Hemant S. Thatte

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Prevention of intraoperative injury to the vascular endothelium is of primary importance in maintaining viability and patency of the aorto-coronary saphenous vein graft. Surgical manipulation, ischemia, storage conditions, and distension before anastomosis can abnormally alter the antithrombogenic property of the endothelium leading to vasospasms,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS It has been proposed that nitrergic nerves mediate lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation with intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC-IM) as an intermediary. Dysfunction of the nitrergic pathway has been shown to cause LES hypertension and impaired relaxation in achalasia. We determined whether mice with neuronal nitric(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by the production of monoclonal immunoglobulin and is associated with suppressed uninvolved immunoglobulins and dysfunctional T-cell responses. The biologic basis of this dysfunction remains ill defined. Because T regulatory (T(reg)) cells play an important role in suppressing normal immune responses, we evaluated the(More)
An inwardly rectifying K(+) conductance closely resembling the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) current was identified in single smooth muscle cells of opossum esophageal circular muscle. When cells were voltage clamped at 0 mV, in isotonic K(+) solution (140 mM), step hyperpolarizations to -120 mV in 10-mV increments resulted in large inward(More)
We used quantitative fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence photobleaching recovery techniques to investigate the translational movement, cell surface expression, and endocytosis of transferrin receptors in K562 human erythroleukemia cells. Receptors were labeled with fluorescein-conjugated transferrin (FITC-Tf). Coordinated decreases in surface(More)
The endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is activated by transient increases in intracellular Ca2+ elicited by stimulation of diverse receptors, including bradykinin B2 receptors on endothelial cells. eNOS and B2 receptors are targeted to specialized signal-transducing domains in the plasma membrane termed plasmalemmal caveolae. Targeting to caveolae(More)
AC electric fields induce redistribution of integral membrane proteins. Cell-surface receptor redistribution does not consistently follow electric field lines and depends critically on the frequency of the applied ac electric fields, suggesting that mechanisms other than electroosmosis are involved. We hypothesized that cytoskeletal reorganization is(More)
In the cholinergic basal forebrain, we found previously that the extracellular adenosine concentration increase that accompanies sleep deprivation, acting via the A1 receptor, led to activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB and to the upregulation of A1 adenosine receptor mRNA. We thus began to examine intracellular signaling mechanisms.(More)
Sepsis is invariably accompanied by altered coagulation cascade; however, the precise role of phosphatidylserine (PS) in inflammation-associated coagulopathy in sepsis has not been well elucidated. We explored the possibility of exposed PS on microparticles (MPs), blood cells, as well as on endothelium, and defined its role in procoagulant activity (PCA) in(More)
Exogenous electric fields induce cellular responses including redistribution of integral membrane proteins, reorganization of microfilament structures, and changes in intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i). Although increases in [Ca2+]i caused by application of direct current electric fields have been documented, quantitative measurements of the(More)