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To assess the importance of ferrous iron acquisition in Campylobacter physiology and pathogenesis, we disrupted and characterized the Fe2+ iron transporter, FeoB, in Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168, 81-176, and ATCC 43431. The feoB mutant was significantly affected in its ability to transport 55Fe2+. It accumulated half the amount of iron than the wild-type(More)
BACKGROUND During gut colonization, the enteric pathogen Campylobacter jejuni must surmount the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species produced by its own metabolism, the host immune system, and intestinal microflora. Elucidation of C. jejuni oxidative stress defense mechanisms is critical for understanding Campylobacter pathophysiology. RESULTS The(More)
Campylobacter jejuni causes food- and waterborne gastroenteritis, and as such it must survive passage through the stomach in order to reach the gastrointestinal tract. While little is known about how C. jejuni survives transit through the stomach, its low infectious dose suggests it is well equipped to sense and respond to acid shock. In this study, the(More)
Campylobacter jejuni NCTC11168 does not produce any endogenous siderophores of its own yet requires the CfrA enterobactin transporter for in vivo colonization. In addition, the genome of C. jejuni NCTC11168 contains three distinct TonB energy transduction systems, named TonB1, TonB2, and TonB3, that have not been tested for their role in siderophore uptake(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of diarrhea worldwide. To colonize the gut and cause infection, C. jejuni must successfully compete with endogenous microbes for nutrients, resist host defenses, persist in the intestine, and ultimately infect the host. These challenges require the expression of a battery of colonization and virulence(More)
Calf diarrhea (scours) is a primary cause of illness and death in young calves. Significant economic losses associated with this disease include morbidity, mortality, and direct cost of treatment. Multiple pathogens are responsible for infectious diarrhea, including, but not limited to, Bovine coronavirus (BCV), bovine Rotavirus A (BRV), and Cryptosporidium(More)
A 1-yr-old albino male corn snake (Elaphae guttata guttata), which was part of a large breeding stock, was presented to the University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, Zoo and Exotic Animal Clinic with a history of anorexia for 2 wk and progressively declining body condition. The animal was euthanized due to a poor prognosis. Histopathology,(More)
Rapid and sensitive detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is crucial for effective treatment and control of clinical infections caused by this bacterium. The goal of this study is to develop a CE-based detection method for multiplexed identification of a femA sequence specific for S. aureus and a unique mecA sequence encoding methicillin(More)
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