Hemant K Naikare

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Campylobacter jejuni causes food- and waterborne gastroenteritis, and as such it must survive passage through the stomach in order to reach the gastrointestinal tract. While little is known about how C. jejuni survives transit through the stomach, its low infectious dose suggests it is well equipped to sense and respond to acid shock. In this study, the(More)
To assess the importance of ferrous iron acquisition in Campylobacter physiology and pathogenesis, we disrupted and characterized the Fe2+ iron transporter, FeoB, in Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168, 81-176, and ATCC 43431. The feoB mutant was significantly affected in its ability to transport 55Fe2+. It accumulated half the amount of iron than the wild-type(More)
During gut colonization, the enteric pathogen Campylobacter jejuni must surmount the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species produced by its own metabolism, the host immune system, and intestinal microflora. Elucidation of C. jejuni oxidative stress defense mechanisms is critical for understanding Campylobacter pathophysiology. The mechanisms of oxidative(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of diarrhea worldwide. To colonize the gut and cause infection, C. jejuni must successfully compete with endogenous microbes for nutrients, resist host defenses, persist in the intestine, and ultimately infect the host. These challenges require the expression of a battery of colonization and virulence(More)
Calf diarrhea (scours) is a primary cause of illness and death in young calves. Significant economic losses associated with this disease include morbidity, mortality, and direct cost of treatment. Multiple pathogens are responsible for infectious diarrhea, including, but not limited to, Bovine coronavirus (BCV), bovine Rotavirus A (BRV), and Cryptosporidium(More)
Rapid and sensitive detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is crucial for effective treatment and control of clinical infections caused by this bacterium. The goal of this study is to develop a CE-based detection method for multiplexed identification of a femA sequence specific for S. aureus and a unique mecA sequence encoding methicillin(More)
Campylobacter jejuni NCTC11168 does not produce any endogenous siderophores of its own yet requires the CfrA enterobactin transporter for in vivo colonization. In addition, the genome of C. jejuni NCTC11168 contains three distinct TonB energy transduction systems, named TonB1, TonB2, and TonB3, that have not been tested for their role in siderophore uptake(More)
A 1-yr-old albino male corn snake (Elaphae guttata guttata), which was part of a large breeding stock, was presented to the University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, Zoo and Exotic Animal Clinic with a history of anorexia for 2 wk and progressively declining body condition. The animal was euthanized due to a poor prognosis. Histopathology,(More)
The objective of this study was to develop and validate a Taqman real-time PCR assay for the detection of Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis). Unique primers targeting the highly conserved house-keeping gene (uvrC) were designed and the probe sequence was derived from a previously published microarray study. There was 100% agreement in the outcome between our assay(More)
<lb>Enteric pathogens, in order to transit through the gut and cause disease, must survive the<lb>acid pH of the stomach. Pathogenic species that prefer to grow at neutral pH display a wide range of mechanisms to survive extreme pH. Campylobacter jejuni is the leading<lb>cause of bacterial food-borne diarrhea throughout the developed world. In this study,(More)
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