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BACKGROUND For early detection of a cerebral complication, rapid awakening from anesthesia is essential after craniotomy. Systemic hypertension is a major drawback associated with fast tracking, which may predispose to formation of intracranial hematoma. Although various drugs have been widely evaluated, there are limited data with regards to use of(More)
BACKGROUND High doses of opioids are frequently used to treat postoperative pain after spine surgery. This leads to opioid-related side effects like nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression, etc. The current study is an attempt to find a safe analgesic adjuvant, which will afford opioid sparing property. METHOD Sixty-six patients undergoing spine surgery(More)
BACKGROUND Central airway obstruction (CAO) is defined as obstruction of trachea and principal bronchi. Therapeutic rigid bronchoscopy with tracheobronchial stenting using silicon stents is a well established procedure in the management of such conditions. However, there is limited experience with this technique in India. METHODS Between January 2010 and(More)
A male neonate with a Chiari malformation and a leaking myelomeningocoele underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion followed by repair of myelomeningocoele. During anaesthesia and surgery, he inadvertently became moderately hypothermic. Intravenous phenytoin was administered during the later part of the surgery for seizure prophylaxis. Following(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) consists of varied pathophysiological consequences and alteration of intracranial dynamics, reduction of the cerebral blood flow and oxygenation. In the past decade more emphasis has been directed towards optimizing cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in patients who have suffered TBI. Injured brain may show signs of ischemia if(More)
We report respiratory obstruction following surgery in the sitting position with tracheal intubation and placement of a transesophageal echocardiography probe. Obstruction was due to pharyngeal oedema, which resolved with 24 hours. The mechanisms of this complication are discussed.
We studied the hemodynamic and bispectral index (BIS) changes in 44 patients undergoing cervical diskectomy with attachment of a Gardner-Wells tong (with two sharp conical pins) to the skull to facilitate intraoperative bone graft insertion. Patients were induced with fentanyl, thiopentone, and rocuronium and maintained with 66% nitrous oxide and 0.5%(More)
Pulse examination by palpation of a peripheral artery against a bony prominence is the most commonly used and widely accepted method. However this is subjective and thus prone to errors. Although pulse waveform was recorded in the 19th century, it did not gain popularity because of inconvenience in using the recording instruments and the absence of a sound(More)
In 1961, Sellick popularized the technique of cricoid pressure (CP) to prevent regurgitation of gastric contents during anesthesia induction. In the last two decades, clinicians have begun to question the efficacy of CP and therefore the necessity of this maneuver. Some have suggested abandoning it on the grounds that this maneuver is unreliable in(More)