Hemanshu Prabhakar

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The trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) is clinically defined as the sudden onset of parasympathetic activity, sympathetic hypotension, apnea, or gastric hypermotility during central or peripheral stimulation of any of the sensory branches of the trigeminal nerve. Clinically, the TCR has been reported to occur during craniofacial surgery, manipulation of the(More)
BACKGROUND The Valsalva manoeuvre results in an increase in intrathoracic pressure which alters the systemic and cerebral circulations significantly. We decided to record changes in the intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure resulting from a Valsalva manoeuvre in anaesthetised patients. METHODS 11 patients of either gender submitted to(More)
BACKGROUND Smooth recovery from anesthesia is desirable in children undergoing surgery for spinal dysraphism who are nursed in prone position during the postoperative period. Dexmedetomidine may be beneficial in these children owing to its sedative, anxiolytic, and opioid-sparing properties with minimal respiratory depression. METHODS Thirty-six children(More)
We report a case of a 40-year-old lady undergoing surgery for a tumor in the cerebellopontine angle. Intraoperatively, patient had a sudden asystole without prior warning sign of bradycardia. It could have been the severe form of trigeminocardiac reflex. The cardiac rhythm returned spontaneously once the surgical manipulation stopped. The remainder of the(More)
Major vascular injury during lumbar disc surgery has been recognized as an unusual but well described complication. A potentially fatal outcome can be avoided by a high index of suspicion and an early diagnosis. We present a rare case of aortic and inferior vena caval injury in a 50-year-old female patient undergoing intervertebral disc surgery at lumbar(More)
Dear Sir, We appreciate the interest of Schaller and colleagues in our articles on trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) [2, 3]. Trigeminocardiac reflex was found to be refractory to the conventional methods of treatment and use of vasopressor was required as reported [2]. We are in line with works of Schaller and colleagues and believe that the reflex could be(More)
Cerebral vasospasm remains a significant cause of mortality and morbidity after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Use of either intra-arterial or intracisternal papaverine as an alternative treatment of refractory cerebral vasospasm has been associated with various complications including haemodynamic instabilities. However, our search in literature did(More)
There are reports indicating that gabapentin may have place in the treatment of postoperative pain. No study has evaluated the effects of gabapentin on acute, postoperative pain in patients undergoing surgery for brachial plexus injuries. In this preliminary study, we evaluated gabapentin as preemptive analgesic for intraoperative period and during the(More)