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Caveolae, a subset of membrane (lipid) rafts, are flask-like invaginations of the plasma membrane that contain caveolin proteins, which serve as organizing centers for cellular signal transduction. Caveolins (-1, -2, and -3) have cytoplasmic N and C termini, palmitolylation sites, and a scaffolding domain that facilitates interaction and organization of(More)
Scar formation occurs during the late stages of the inflammatory response but, when excessive, produces fibrosis that can lead to functional and structural damage of tissues. Here, we show that the profibrogenic agonist, transforming growth factor beta1, transcriptionally decreases expression of Exchange protein activated by cAMP 1 (Epac1) in(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning are known to act as triggers of cardiac protection; however, the involvement of ROS in ischemic and pharmacological postconditioning (PostC) in vivo and in vitro is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that ROS are involved in PostC in the mouse heart in vivo and in the(More)
Cholesterol-rich caveolar microdomains and associated caveolins influence sarcolemmal ion channel and receptor function and protective stress signaling. However, the importance of membrane cholesterol content to cardiovascular function and myocardial responses to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and cardioprotective stimuli are unclear. We assessed the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Caveolae, lipid-rich microdomains of the sarcolemma, localize and enrich cardiac-protective signaling molecules. Caveolin-3 (Cav-3), the dominant isoform in cardiac myocytes, is a determinant of caveolar formation. We hypothesized that cardiac myocyte-specific overexpression of Cav-3 would enhance the formation of caveolae and augment cardiac(More)
Caveolae, small invaginations in the plasma membrane, contain caveolins (Cav) that scaffold signaling molecules including the tyrosine kinase Src. We tested the hypothesis that cardiac protection involves a caveolin-dependent mechanism. We used in vitro and in vivo models of ischemia-reperfusion injury, electron microscopy (EM), transgenic mice, and(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling components involved in the regulation of adenylyl cyclase (AC) localize with caveolin (Cav), a protein marker for caveolae, in both cell-surface and intracellular membrane regions. Using sucrose density fractionation of adult cardiac myocytes, we detected Cav-3 in both buoyant(More)
Recently, the involvement of sarcolemmal K(ATP) (sarcK(ATP)) channels in ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning (IPC and PPC) has been minimized by numerous studies suggesting a primary role for mitochondrial K(ATP) (mitoK(ATP)) channels in early and delayed cardioprotection. Although the mitoK(ATP) channel has clearly been shown to be a distal(More)
Stress-activated protein kinases may be essential to cardioprotection. We assessed the role of p38 in an in vivo rat model of ischemia-reperfusion. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and the delta(1)-opioid receptor agonist 2-methyl-4aalpha-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-1,2,3,4,4a,5,12,12aalpha-octahydroquinolino [2,3,3-g]isoquinoline (TAN-67) significantly reduced infarct(More)
We tested the hypothesis that caveolin-3 (Cav-3) is essential for opioid-induced preconditioning in vivo. Cav-3 overexpressing mice, Cav-3 knockout mice, and controls were exposed to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in the presence of SNC-121 (SNC), a δ-selective opioid agonist, or naloxone, a nonselective opioid antagonist. Controls were protected(More)