Helvi Kyngäs

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AIM This paper is a description of inductive and deductive content analysis. BACKGROUND Content analysis is a method that may be used with either qualitative or quantitative data and in an inductive or deductive way. Qualitative content analysis is commonly used in nursing studies but little has been published on the analysis process and many research(More)
AIM A literature review of nurses' job satisfaction. BACKGROUND Little is known about factors evoking job satisfaction among nurses, whereas more is known about stress, burnout and dissatisfaction. The positive viewpoint is an important research area and needs to be studied. METHODS Original studies were accessed by a systematic search from electronic(More)
AIM This paper presents a discussion of the use of confirmatory factor analysis to test nursing theory. BACKGROUND Theory testing is an important phase in nursing theory development. Testing of theory is intended to give more information about concepts and their usefulness in nursing practice. Confirmatory factor analysis is commonly used in instrument(More)
The purpose of the study reported in this paper was to evaluate compliance, and factors associated with compliance, in patients who had hypertension. Compliance with lifestyle recommendations, medication and attendance of follow-up visits was evaluated. The data were collected using a questionnaire completed by 138 patients with hypertension aged under 63(More)
The purpose of this article is to describe the compliance of adolescents with diabetes and some factors connected to it. Altogether, 300 individuals aged 13 to 17 years were randomly selected from the Finnish Social Insurance Institution's register. Every fifth person on the list was included in the sample. Ninety-seven percent (N = 289) of the adolescents(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe patient education from the perspective of adolescents. Data were collected by interviewing adolescents who had asthma, epilepsy, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The sample consisted of 40 Finnish adolescents aged between 13 and 17 years. The interview data were analysed with(More)
Although compliance with self-care amongst adolescents with diabetes is known to be problematic, this issue has rarely been examined from the perspective of young diabetics themselves. The purpose of the study was to explore how adolescents with diabetes perceived the actions of physicians, nurses, parents and friends in relation to compliance with(More)
The personal meaning and perceived impact of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) were investigated in an exploratory study of 51 Finnish adolescents aged between 13 and 17. Interview data were examined using continuous comparative analysis. The personal meaning of IDDM was described using the following categories: a habit; a little devil; a(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore critical care nurses' knowledge of, adherence to and barriers towards evidence-based guidelines for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. DESIGN A quantitative cross-sectional survey. METHODS Two multiple-choice questionnaires were distributed to critical care nurses (n=101) in a single academic centre in Finland in the(More)
The purpose of this paper was to describe the compliance of adolescents with epilepsy and some factors connected to it. Altogether 300 individuals with epilepsy aged 13-17 years were randomly selected from the Finnish Social Insurance Institution's register. Every fifth person on the list was included in the sample. Seventy-seven per cent (n= 232) of the(More)