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Two sequential aerobic sludge blanket reactors were concurrently operated to examine the effect of Ca2+ augmentation on aerobic granulation. Augmentation with 100 mg Ca2+ l(-1) significantly decreased the time to cultivate aerobically grown microbial granules from 32 d to 16 d. Ca2+-fed granules were denser and more compact, showed better settling and(More)
Aerobic granules are self-immobilized aggregates of microorganisms and represent a relatively new form of cell immobilization developed for biological wastewater treatment. In this study, both culture-based and culture-independent techniques were used to investigate the bacterial diversity and function in aerobic phenol- degrading granules cultivated in a(More)
In shallow aquatic systems, the majority of organic matter mineralization occurs in the sediments. Several factors including temperature control mineralization rates, however, the underlying causes of the effects are not well understood in subtropical lakes. In this study, we determined the influence of temperature on organic matter degradation by taking(More)
Enhanced knowledge on extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) of mucilaginous cyanobacterial blooms could improve our understanding of its ecological significance. This study for the first time investigated the extraction and fractionation of EPS matrix from cyanobacterial blooms in a eutrophic freshwater lake, and the changes in chemical compositions in(More)
Nanostructured ZnO with its unique properties could provide a suitable microenvironment for immobilization of enzymes while retaining their biological activity, and thus lead to an expanded use of this nanomaterial for the construction of electrochemical biosensors with enhanced analytical performance. ZnO-based enzyme electrochemical biosensors are(More)
The phylogenetic diversity of the microbial community assemblage of the carpet-like mucilaginous cyanobacterial blooms in the eutrophic Lake Taihu was investigated. 16S ribosomal DNA clone libraries produced from the DNA of cyanobacterial assemblages that had been washed to remove unattached bacteria contained only cyanobacteria. However, a further(More)
Bacterial community composition of different sized aggregates within the Microcystis cyanobacterial phycosphere were determined during summer and fall in Lake Taihu, a eutrophic lake in eastern China. Bloom samples taken in August and September represent healthy bloom biomass, whereas samples from October represent decomposing bloom biomass. To improve our(More)
The effect of coaggregation of the two bacterial strains Propioniferax-like PG-02 and Comamonassp. PG-08 on phenol degradation and aerobic granulation was investigated. While PG-02 was characterized as a phenol-degrader with a low half-saturation kinetics constant, PG-08 possessed strong aggregation ability with poor phenol degradation ability. The two(More)
Caulobacteria are presumed to be responsible for considerable mineralization of organic material in aquatic environments. In this study, a facultative, mesophilic and cellulolytic bacterium Caulobacter sp. FMC1 was isolated from sediments which were taken from a shallow freshwater lake and then enriched with amendment of submerged macrophyte for three(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility of using aerobic acetate-fed microbial granules as a starting seed to rapidly develop stable aerobic phenol-degrading granules. Aerobic granules were first cultivated in four sequencing batch reactors with acetate as sole carbon source at a loading rate of 3.8 kg m(-3) d(-1). Phenol was then added to reactors(More)