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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce autonomic neurogenesis in neural crest cultures and stimulate sympathetic neuron development when overexpressed in vivo. We demonstrate that inhibition of BMPs in the chick embryo bythe BMP antagonist Noggin prevents sympathetic neuron generation. In Noggin-treated embryos, the noradrenergic marker genes tyrosine(More)
Injections of the carbocyanine dye, DiI, into the lateral pallium of the silver lamprey reveal that this pallial region receives bilateral inputs from the olfactory bulbs, dorsomedial telencephalic neuropil, and the habenular nuclei, and ipsilateral inputs from the septum, preoptic area, medial pallium, thalamus, and, possibly, the striatum. The efferent(More)
Based on a section-by-section analysis of the morphology (combined silver/Nissl stain) and of the distribution of proliferation zones (immunohistochemical detection of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen) in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) forebrain at 5 days postfertilization, we created a three-dimensional reconstruction of proliferation zones of that(More)
The distribution of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-like immunoreactivity in the brain of a myxinoid, the Pacific hagfish (Eptatretus stouti), was investigated via immunohistochemistry, including the use of six different antisera. In the diencephalon, immunoreactive cell bodies were found in two systems: the infundibular hypothalamus, a(More)
The distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity was investigated in the brain of a myxinoid, the Pacific hagfish, Eptatretus stouti, by means of immunocytochemistry. In the forebrain, labelled cell bodies occurred in the infundibular nucleus of the hypothalamus and some closely adjacent nuclei. Labelled fibers formed a diffuse network in the forebrain,(More)
The forebrain of the Pacific hagfish is described with regard to its morphology, cytoarchitecture, and secondary olfactory projections. The forebrain ventricular system is greatly reduced in adult hagfishes, although vestiges of ventricular structures can still be recognized. In order to clarify topographical relationships within the forebrain, we provide a(More)
A morphological and connectional analysis was performed on the dorsal thalamus of the alpine newt, Triturus alpestris. We have used a graphic reconstruction technique for the evaluation of the connectional (HRP) data. On the basis of these reconstructions, we propose a subdivision of the salamandrid dorsal thalamus into subhabenular, anteroventral, and(More)
A comparison of the brains of lampreys and hagfishes is carried out in an attempt to reconstruct the anatomy of the brain of the last common ancestor of craniates: i.e., the morphotype of the craniate brain. This brain consisted of tel-, di-, mes-, and rhombencephalic divisions; the presence of a metencephalic/cerebellar division is questionable. All major(More)
The pallium of hagfishes (myxinoids) is unique: It consists of a superficial "cortical" mantle of gray matter which is subdivided into several layers and fields, but it is not clear whether or how these subdivisions can be compared to those of other craniates, i.e., lampreys and gnathostomes. The pallium of hagfishes receives extensive secondary olfactory(More)
The forebrain of adult hagfishes (jawless craniates, Myxinoidea) displays a unique morphology. The forebrain is thick-walled and well-differentiated cytoarchitecturally but lacks a well-developed ventricular system, and there is a pronounced compression of the entire brain along the longitudinal axis. This combination of characters obscures the boundaries(More)