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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce autonomic neurogenesis in neural crest cultures and stimulate sympathetic neuron development when overexpressed in vivo. We demonstrate that inhibition of BMPs in the chick embryo bythe BMP antagonist Noggin prevents sympathetic neuron generation. In Noggin-treated embryos, the noradrenergic marker genes tyrosine(More)
Injections of the carbocyanine dye, DiI, into the lateral pallium of the silver lamprey reveal that this pallial region receives bilateral inputs from the olfactory bulbs, dorsomedial telencephalic neuropil, and the habenular nuclei, and ipsilateral inputs from the septum, preoptic area, medial pallium, thalamus, and, possibly, the striatum. The efferent(More)
Based on a section-by-section analysis of the morphology (combined silver/Nissl stain) and of the distribution of proliferation zones (immunohistochemical detection of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen) in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) forebrain at 5 days postfertilization, we created a three-dimensional reconstruction of proliferation zones of that(More)
Phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) at amino acid serine 133 appears as an important link between the norepinephrine (NE)-induced activation of second messenger systems and the stimulation of melatonin biosynthesis. Here we investigated in the rat pineal gland: 1) the type of protein kinase that mediates CREB(More)
Twenty-six infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac surgery were investigated for alterations in myocardial beta-adrenoceptor density. The patients were divided into three groups according to type and severity of CHD: group I consisted of 6 patients with acyanotic shunt lesions of moderate severity; group II comprised 13(More)
In vitro preparations of rat pinealocytes are widely used for biochemical analyses of signal transduction processes. This paper deals with morphological and immunocytochemical features of such preparations. Special attention was paid to the problems of whether pinealocytes represent a heterogeneous cell population and how such heterogeneity may develop(More)
A morphological and connectional analysis was performed on the dorsal thalamus of the alpine newt, Triturus alpestris. We have used a graphic reconstruction technique for the evaluation of the connectional (HRP) data. On the basis of these reconstructions, we propose a subdivision of the salamandrid dorsal thalamus into subhabenular, anteroventral, and(More)
This study attempts to reconstruct the early phylogenetic history of macroglial cells among craniates. Since glia does not fossilize, such a reconstruction must be based on a cladistic comparison of glial characters in the Recent craniate taxa (hagfishes, lampreys, and gnathostomes); however, there are only few data on glial morphology and none on glial(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are among the human synucleinopathies, which show alpha-synuclein immunoreactive neuronal and/or glial aggregations and progressive neuronal loss in selected brain regions (eg, substantia nigra, ventral tegmental area, pedunculopontine nucleus). Despite several studies about brainstem pathologies(More)
The distribution of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-like immunoreactivity in the brain of a myxinoid, the Pacific hagfish (Eptatretus stouti), was investigated via immunohistochemistry, including the use of six different antisera. In the diencephalon, immunoreactive cell bodies were found in two systems: the infundibular hypothalamus, a(More)