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Calcium supplementation is effective in reducing blood pressure in various states of hypertension, including pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia. In addition, calcitropic hormones are associated with blood pressure. The hypothesis is that short-term therapy with calcium and vitamin D(3) may improve blood pressure as well as secondary(More)
BACKGROUND Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a serious health problem, and additional treatments are needed. METHODS We studied the effects of oral alendronate, an aminobisphosphonate, on bone mineral density and the incidence of fractures and height loss in 994 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The women were treated with placebo or alendronate (5 or(More)
The purpose of this randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled study was to determine the efficacy and safety of risedronate in the prevention of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with established osteoporosis. The study was conducted at 80 study centers in Europe and Australia. Postmenopausal women (n = 1226) with two or more prevalent(More)
Vertebral fractures may be minor or lead to pain, decreased physical function, immobility, social isolation and depression, which together contribute to quality of life. A Working Party of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis has developed a specific questionnaire for patients with vertebral fractures. This questionnaire, QUALEFFO, includes questions in(More)
UNLABELLED In 242 community-dwelling seniors, supplementation with either 1000 mg of calcium or 1000 mg of calcium plus vitamin D resulted in a decrease in the number of subjects with first falls of 27% at month 12 and 39% at month 20. Additionally, parameters of muscle function improved significantly. INTRODUCTION The efficacy of vitamin D and calcium(More)
The incidence of palpable goiters, the thyroid functional state and thyroid radioisotope uptake was analyzed retrospectively in 80 patients with acromegaly and 80 patients with prolactinomas. 71% of all patients with acromegaly had an enlargement of the thyroid (goiter); 49% of them had diffuse and 39% nodular goiters. The incidence of goiters in patients(More)
Oestrogen deficiency at the menopause is associated with changes in calcium and bone metabolism. Hypo-oestrogenism induced by the use of GnRH-agonists is clinically useful in the treatment of oestrogen-dependent diseases. This study was done to investigate calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism of pre-menopausal women in a GnRH-agonist-induced(More)
Although Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is the second most common metabolic bone disease, to our knowledge, there is only one quantitative analysis on the histological and especially on the histomorphometric level. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze, on the basis of the Hamburg Bone Register, PBD in terms of incidence, skeletal distribution,(More)
Vertebral deformation in spinal osteoporosis results in spinal and thoracic deformation, causing pain, disability and an overall decrease in quality of life. We sought to determine whether thoracic spinal deformation may lead to impaired pulmonary function. We studied expiratory relaxed vital capacity (VC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) in 34(More)
Long-term vitamin D and calcium supplementation is effective in reducing nonvertebral fractures in elderly people. Increased bone fragility caused by secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) and impaired balance are known risk factors for hip fractures. The hypothesis is that short-term therapy with calcium and vitamin D may improve body sway as well as sHPT(More)