Helmut Schübel

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The highly substrate-specific strictosidine synthase (EC 4.3.3.2) catalyzes the biological Pictet-Spengler condensation between tryptamine and secologanin, leading to the synthesis of about 2000 monoterpenoid indole alkaloids in higher plants. The crystal structure of Rauvolfia serpentina strictosidine synthase (STR1) in complex with strictosidine has been(More)
The acceptor stem of Escherichia coli tRNA(Ala), rGGGGCUA.rUAGCUCC (ALAwt), contains the main identity element for the correct aminoacylation by the alanyl tRNA synthetase. The presence of a G3.U70 wobble base pair is essential for the specificity of this reaction, but there is a debate whether direct minor-groove contact with the 2-amino group of G3 or a(More)
From cell suspension cultures of Rauwolfia serpentina grown in an optimized production medium for the glucoalkaloid raucaffricine, a novel glucoalkaloid was isolated and identified as 17-O-acetyl-21-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-ajmaline (acetylrauglucine). This alkaloid is formed in very small amounts (less than 5 x 10(-4)%). The biogenetically related N(More)
It is demonstrated that acceptor stem duplexes derived from native tRNAs which contain a three-nucleotide extension at the 5'-terminus of mature tRNA are minimal substrates for ribonuclease P from both Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Variants with a cytidine at position -1 are most efficiently processed whereas the G -1 variant represents a(More)
Acceptor stem variants of tRNA(fMet) (Escherichia coli) have been characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance. The wild type contains a C1-A72 mismatch pair which is crucial for its biological function. For comparison, the mismatch was replaced by regular pairs U1-A72 and C1-G72. Further variants contain an altered discriminator base, G73, or a G1-C72/U73(More)
A novel enzyme was isolated, partially purified (217-fold) and characterized from cell suspension cultures of Rauwolfia serpentina Benth. The enzyme catalyzes one of the late biochemical reactions in the biosynthesis of ajmaline by hydrolysis of 17-O-acetylated alkaloids of the ajmalan group forming the appropriate deacetylated compounds. This esterase(More)
Raucaffricine (vomilenine-galactoside) was shown to be the major indole alkaloid of Rauwolfia serpentina Benth. cell suspension cultures grown in AP-medium (alkaloid production medium). Several grams of this glycoalkaloid can conveniently be isolated by RLCC (Rotation Locular Countercurrent Chromatography). A newly discovered enzyme efficiently converts the(More)
The phenolic glucoside salicortin was isolated from a Willow bark extract, and its ability to reduce the TNF- α induced ICAM-1 expression (10 ng/mL, 30 min pretreatment with salicortin) was tested IN VITRO on human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1). After 24 h, 25 µM salicortin decreased the TNF- α induced ICAM-1 expression to 65.9 % compared to(More)
A novel enzyme was isolated, partially purified (217-fold) and characterized from cell suspen­ sion cultures of Rauwolfia serpentina Benth. The enzyme catalyzes one of the late biochemical reactions in the biosynthesis of ajmaline by hydrolysis of 17-O-acetylated alkaloids of the ajmalan group forming the appropriate deacetylated compounds. This esterase(More)
A ribooligonucleotide microhelix derived from the acceptor stem of Escherichia coli tRNA(Ala) having a C3-A70 mismatch in place of the G3-U70 wobble pair in the wild-type tRNA(Ala), and a sequence variant with a regular U3-A70 base pair have been investigated by NMR. In vivo, suppressor tRNA(Ala) variants with C3-A70 (as well as several other) mismatch(More)
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