Helmut Möhwald

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Monolayers of the phospholipid dimyristoyl phosphatidic acid on the surface of water have been studied by a combination of the new techniques of synchrotron x-ray diffraction and fluorescence microscopy with classical surface pressure data. The pressure vs. area isotherm changes slope at the surface pressures pi c and pi s. The optical technique(More)
Monolayers of charged and neutral phospholipids at the air/water interface containing the cytochromes b5 and c are studied by film balance techniques and by fluorescence microscopy. A new technique is introduced to obtain a defined and homogeneous protein distribution within the membrane. It is shown that both proteins preferentially partition into the(More)
For the first time, phospholid monolayers at the air/water interface have been studied by x-ray diffraction and reflection all along the isotherm from the laterally isotropic fluid (the so-called LE phase) to the ordered phases. The model used to analyze the data, and the accuracy of the parameters deduced, were tested by comparing the results obtained with(More)
The formation of crystalline domains of the phospholipid l-α-dimyristoyl-phosphatidic acid containing 1 mol% cholesterol, was studied as a function of head group charge by fluorescence microscopy with monolayers at the air/water interface. It is shown that the usual dendritic growth occurs at low pH (8), whereas spiral domains are formed at high pH (11),(More)
The arrangement and the electron transfer are studied for photosynthetic reaction centers (RC) of Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides reconstituted into phospholipid vesicles. Freeze-etch electron micrographs of phase separated mixed vesicles reveal an RC enrichment in the phase containing the acidic lipid serine. It is demonstrated that the electron transfer from(More)
The phase diagram of monolayers of l-α-dimyristoyl phosphatidic acid has been studied by fluorescence microscopy. For pressures corresponding to the nearly horizontal slope in the pressure area diagram the growth of crystalline platelets can be observed. They are of dendritic nature; their sizes can be controlled via pressure, compression speed, temperature(More)
Spin probes differing in the position of their paramagnetic centre are used to quench the fluorescence of pyrene derivatives and chlorophylls incorporated into dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine membranes. Pyrene butyric acid and pyrene decanoic acid with known orientation relative to the membrane surface are investigated. The quenching efficiency of fatty(More)
Fluorescence micrographs of monolayers of L-alpha-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) at the air water interface are analyzed. Ordered phase domains in coexistence with the fluid lipid phase change their shapes with time and with lateral pressure. With domains fixed under an electrode and well separated from their neighbours a peculiar instability of the(More)
An amyloid(1-40) solution rich in coil, turn, and alpha-helix, but poor in beta-sheet, develops monolayers with a high beta-sheet content when spread at the air-water interface. These monolayers are resistant to repeated compression-dilatation cycles and interaction with trifluoroethanol. The secondary structure motifs were detected by circular dichroism(More)