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In this study, we assess the potential for policy change of the German government of Helmut Kohl after unification combining party positions with formal bicameral settings in a spatial model of legislative action. We distinguish between two policy areas and two types of legislation, mandatory and non-mandatory legislation imposing either a symmetric or(More)
ABSTRACf Power in American and German multi-chamber legislation is determined either by an inter-institutional or an internal coalition problem of all inter-linked chambers. Hence, the complexity of multi-chamber systems relies on different subgames, different types of decision rules and different types of actors. Since collective actors such as parliaments(More)
Because of its high spatial resolution, energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) has become widely used for the analysis of the chemical composition of nanostructures. To obtain the best spatial resolution, the precise correction of instrumental influences and the optimization of the data acquisition procedure are very important. In this(More)
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