Learn More
BACKGROUND Defining the clinical relevance of donor-specific HLA-antibodies detected by single-antigen flow-beads (SAFB) is important because these assays are increasingly used for pretransplant risk assessment and organ allocation. The aims of this study were to investigate to which extent HLA-DSA detected by SAFB represent a risk for antibody-mediated(More)
Vascular basement membrane is an important structural component of blood vessels. During angiogenesis this membrane undergoes many alterations and these changes are speculated to influence the formation of new capillaries. Type IV collagen is a major component of vascular basement membrane, and recently we identified a fragment of type IV collagen alpha2(More)
BACKGROUND The subclass of IgG antibodies contributes to their capability to activate complement. It is currently unknown whether the pretransplant IgG subclass composition allows distinguishing harmful from presumably irrelevant donor-specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (HLA-DSA) detected by single-antigen flow beads (SAFB). METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that not all low-level donor-specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (HLA-DSA) (i.e., positive by solid-phase assays, negative by complement-dependent cytotoxic-crossmatch) have a detrimental clinical impact. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pretransplant C4d-fixing capability allows(More)
BACKGROUND Renal amyloidosis results from protein misfolding and leads to progressive renal insufficiency. Few data are available concerning the relevance of the histomorphological patterns and the dynamics of the disease process. METHODS Cases of renal amyloidosis in native kidney biopsies (n = 203) were retrospectively evaluated for the pattern of(More)
Nephropathia epidemica, a zoonosis caused by Hantavirus infection (most commonly subtype Puumala) is associated with flu-like symptoms and acute kidney failure. Kidney manifestations are characterized predominantly by tubulointerstitial nephritis, hemorrhage into medullary tissues, interstitial edema, and tubular cell necrosis. Kidney failure is accompanied(More)
Urinary CXCL10 is a promising noninvasive biomarker for tubulo-interstitial allograft inflammation, but its diagnostic characteristics have not been assessed in a real-life setting. We investigated urinary CXCL10 in 213 consecutive renal allograft recipients having 362 surveillance biopsies at 3/6 months and 80 indication biopsies within the first year(More)
We report a 6-year-old patient who presented with acute renal failure resolving after vigorous intravenous hydration. Renal biopsy was taken because of unexplained enlargement of both kidneys. Histological workup showed infiltration by lymphoblasts while blood counts showed a normal differential. Subsequent bone marrow aspiration revealed 34% lymphoblasts(More)
We isolated and identified an endogenous 24-kDa human basement membrane-derived inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth, termed canstatin. Canstatin, a fragment of the alpha2 chain of type IV collagen, was produced as a recombinant molecule in Escherichia coli and 293 embryonic kidneys cells. Canstatin significantly inhibited human endothelial cell(More)
Early detection of polyomavirus BK (BKV) viremia and reduction of immunosuppression is recommended for preventing polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PyVAN), but systematic histological evaluations were not performed in previous studies. We routinely screen for decoy cells and, if positive, measure plasma BKV-loads. In a cohort of 203 consecutive renal(More)