Helmut Hopfer

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We isolated and identified an endogenous 24-kDa human basement membrane-derived inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth, termed canstatin. Canstatin, a fragment of the alpha2 chain of type IV collagen, was produced as a recombinant molecule in Escherichia coli and 293 embryonic kidneys cells. Canstatin significantly inhibited human endothelial cell(More)
Vascular basement membrane is an important structural component of blood vessels and has been shown to interact with and modulate vascular endothelial behavior during angiogenesis. During the inductive phase of tumor angiogenesis, this membrane undergoes many degradative and structural changes and reorganizes to a native state around newly formed(More)
Apoptosis of podocytes is considered critical in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Free fatty acids (FFAs) are critically involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type 2, in particular the regulation of pancreatic β cell survival. The objectives of this study were to elucidate the role of palmitic acid, palmitoleic, and oleic acid in(More)
Vascular basement membrane is an important structural component of blood vessels. During angiogenesis this membrane undergoes many alterations and these changes are speculated to influence the formation of new capillaries. Type IV collagen is a major component of vascular basement membrane, and recently we identified a fragment of type IV collagen alpha2(More)
Kidney transplant rejections are classified into T-cell-mediated and antibody-mediated rejections (AMR). C4d staining on allograft biopsies and solid-phase assays to measure donor-specific alloantibodies have helped to precisely define the latter. Although for acute AMRs, therapy mainly relies on plasmapheresis or immunoadsorption, no studies for treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Defining the clinical relevance of donor-specific HLA-antibodies detected by single-antigen flow-beads (SAFB) is important because these assays are increasingly used for pretransplant risk assessment and organ allocation. The aims of this study were to investigate to which extent HLA-DSA detected by SAFB represent a risk for antibody-mediated(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a transcriptional complex composed of an oxygen-sensitive alpha- and a beta-subunit, plays a pivotal role in cellular adaptation to low oxygen availability. Under normoxia, the alpha-subunit of HIF-1 is hydroxylated by a family of prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) and consequently targeted for proteasomal degradation. Three(More)
Nephropathia epidemica, a zoonosis caused by Hantavirus infection (most commonly subtype Puumala) is associated with flu-like symptoms and acute kidney failure. Kidney manifestations are characterized predominantly by tubulointerstitial nephritis, hemorrhage into medullary tissues, interstitial edema, and tubular cell necrosis. Kidney failure is accompanied(More)
Components of vascular basement membrane are involved in regulating angiogenesis. Recently, tumstatin (the NC1 domain of alpha3 chain of type IV collagen) was identified as possessing anti-angiogenic activity. In the present study, the anti-angiogenic activity of tumstatin was localized to the putative 54-132-amino acid Tum-5 domain, and the activity(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that not all low-level donor-specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (HLA-DSA) (i.e., positive by solid-phase assays, negative by complement-dependent cytotoxic-crossmatch) have a detrimental clinical impact. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pretransplant C4d-fixing capability allows(More)