Helmut Fabel

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BACKGROUND Continuous intravenous infusion of epoprostenol (prostacyclin) is an effective treatment for primary pulmonary hypertension. This approach requires the insertion of a permanent central venous catheter, with the associated risk of serious complications. Recently, aerosolized iloprost, a stable prostacyclin analogue, has been introduced as an(More)
Assessment of cardiac output is an important part of the management of patients with pulmonary hypertension. The accuracy of the thermodilution technique in patients with low cardiac output or severe tricuspid regurgitation has been questioned. To address this issue, we simultaneously compared 105 cardiac output measurements by the Fick method and(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to compare the acute hemodynamic effects of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) and aerosolized iloprost in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). BACKGROUND Inhalation of the stable prostacyclin analogue iloprost has recently been described as a novel therapeutic strategy for PPH and may offer an alternative to continuous intravenous infusion of(More)
A method for the noninvasive measurement of airway responsiveness was validated in allergic BALB/c mice. With head-out body plethysmography and the decrease in tidal midexpiratory flow (EF(50)) as an indicator of airway obstruction, responses to inhaled methacholine (MCh) and the allergen ovalbumin were measured in conscious mice. Allergen-sensitized and(More)
Interstitial lung diseases often are accompanied by histopathologic evidence of alveolar type 2 cell alterations. In the alveolar milieu, the surfactant-specific protein A (SP-A) is a secretory product of alveolar type 2 cells. Therefore, we measured SP-A levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids from patients with untreated sarcoidosis (n = 35) and(More)
Treatment with aerosolised iloprost, a prostacyclin analogue, has beneficial effects in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). It is unclear if patients, whose clinical condition deteriorates under treatment with aerosolised iloprost, benefit from switching to continuous intravenous iloprost. The current authors report on 16 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND A high prevalence of asplenia has been observed in patients with unexplained pulmonary hypertension. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and histopathologic characteristics of patients with postsplenectomy pulmonary hypertension and to compare the prevalence of surgical asplenia in patients with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension and patients(More)
Exogenous surfactant treatment inhibits antigen-induced airway obstruction in sensitized guinea-pigs. Aerosolized surfactant also improves respiratory function in asthmatic patients. The aim of the present study was to determine whether aerosolized surfactant inhibits nonallergic airway obstruction induced by acetylcholine. Anaesthetized Wistar rats were(More)
OBJECTIVE The experience at our institution with various forms of lung transplantation (heart-lung, double lung and single lung) from December 1987 to September 1998 is reviewed and discussed. METHODS During this decade, 282 procedures (46 heart-lungs (HLTx), 142 double lungs (DLTx) and 94 single lungs (SLTx)) have been performed in 258 patients (140(More)
A chyliform effusion is an uncommon high lipid pleural effusion that does not result from a leakage of the thoracic duct. Characteristically, it emerges from chronic pleurisy and contains high levels of cholesterol. The origin of this cholesterol is unknown, but it is often attributed to the degeneration of red and white blood cells. In this study we have(More)