Helmut Coper

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The development of a differential tolerance to morphine was investigated with respect to the mean effective dose, the threshold dose of tolerance, the degree of tolerance after a fixed dose, and the speed of tolerance loss. The mean effective doses, the threshold doses of tolerance, and the degree of tolerance differed considerably from effect to effect,(More)
The anterior tibial (AT) muscle of 6 female Wistar rats aged 35-44 months, was examined by an electron microscopy. Previously, significant age-dependent functional and morphological deficits were found in these rats including [1] a strongly decreased muscle mass and force, [2] muscle stiffness, [3] spontaneous, tonic electromyographic activity, and [4](More)
Motor performance of rats of different ages was determined in a cross sectional study. The design includes a test battery of seven motor tasks of graduated complexity. The results show a hierarchical order of impairments of motor functions in aging rats; that is, the more complex the task requirement, the earlier and more pronounced is the susceptibility to(More)
The interaction between d-amphetamine and ethanol with respect to locomotor activity, stereotyped behavior, and sleeping time was investigated in rats. Ethanol 0.8 g/kg i.p. enhanced and prolonged locomotor activity produced by d-amphetamine 1 mg/kg s.c. The increased motility after 5 mg/kg d-amphetamine was not influenced by alcohol 0.8 g/kg i.p. or 3.2(More)
d-Amphetamine increases the motor activity at a dose range of 0.5-4 mg/kg. delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) diminishes this effect dose-dependently. Also, the hyperthermia caused by 5 mg/kg d-amphetamine is antagonized by THC, whereas the d-amphetamine induced stereotype movements (above 4 mg/kg) are prolonged by the cannabinoid. THC and d-amphetamine(More)
Tolerance to various effects of morphine in the rat can be quantified by means of a shift of semi-logarithmic dose-response curves. Tolerance to analgesia (hot plate, acetic acid writhing), catalepsy, and the tilted plane develops in a closely similar manner. Also, the stimulating effects of about 1 mg/kg morphine-HC1 tested in an open-field procedure are(More)
This study was aimed at assessing the contribution of reflex and non-reflex factors to the muscle tone of old female Wistar rats. The hind foot of a rat was flexed or extended at the ankle joint by 25 degrees over 250 ms. The resistance of the foot to passive movements (torque, mechanomyogram), as well as the reflex electromyographic activity in the(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the contribution of central dopaminergic and glutamatergic systems to the age-dependent loss of motor functions in rats. Rats of three age groups were compared: young (3-5-month-old), middle-aged (20-21-month-old) and old (29-31-month-old). The obtained results showed an age-dependent decline in the electromyographic (EMG)(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of moderate prenatal damage on adaptability during the juvenile, adult, and senile phases. Pregnant rats were exposed to a 12% normobaric hypoxia from day 1 to 17 postconception. Pregnancy was normal in both the treated animals and the controls. Erythrocytes, hemoglobin, and hematocrit did not increase(More)
RATIONALE It has recently been suggested that the overactivity of glutamatergic neurotransmission may contribute to the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease. Therefore, a search for new compounds which block glutamatergic receptors and show antiparkinsonian properties in animal models of this disease seems to be justified. OBJECTIVE The aim of this(More)