Helmut Bertalanffy

Learn More
The authors review the pertinent literature dealing with all aspects of cerebral cavernous malformations in the adult. Clinical, neuroradiological, pathological, and epidemiological aspects are presented. The clinical significance of bleeding from cavernous malformations and various hemorrhage patterns are discussed in relation to the factors that influence(More)
Between 1976 and 1983, 251 patients underwent surgery for the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease. Anterior microsurgical discectomy at one or more cervical segments without interbody fusion was performed in each case. 109 patients with radiculopathy and 55 patients with myelopathy were followed up clinically 1 to 8 years postoperatively. A soft(More)
The authors review their experience with a dorsolateral approach to the anterior rim of the foramen magnum and adjacent region. The operative technique includes exposure of the vertebral artery at C1, partial resection of the occipital condyle and lateral atlantal mass, and extradural drilling of the jugular tubercle. This approach has been applied in six(More)
OBJECTIVE Microsurgical resection or ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement was for a long time the only means of treatment for patients with colloid cysts. In the past few years, however, endoscopic procedures have gained increasing significance and have been used more widely. Long-term results are now available for the first time, which enabled us to(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are prevalent cerebrovascular lesions predisposing to chronic headaches, epilepsy, and hemorrhagic stroke. Using a combination of direct sequencing and MLPA analyses, we identified 15 novel and eight previously published CCM1 (KRIT1), CCM2, and CCM3 (PDCD10) mutations. The mutation detection rate was >90% for familial(More)
The authors review 26 patients with deep-seated cavernous angiomas which were removed by microsurgery. Ten of the angiomas were located in the insula and basal ganglia, 2 in the thalamus, 5 in the midbrain, 8 in the pons, and 1 in the brachium pontis. The patients were among 73 consecutive cases operated on between August 1983 and December 1989 for(More)
High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) using three-dimensional fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (3D-FIESTA) and double-dose contrast-enhanced three-dimensional fast spoiled gradient echo (3D-FSPGR) sequences is considered to be a useful tool in detecting neurovascular compression in patients with trigeminal neuralgia. The purpose(More)
PURPOSE The optimal management of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) with epileptic seizures is still a matter of debate. The aim of our study was to examine seizure outcome in the largest published series of surgically treated patients with epilepsy due to a supratentorial CCM, and to define predictors for good surgical outcome. METHODS We(More)
Placement of external ventricular drainage (EVD) catheters is the gold standard for managing acute hydrocephalus, but the range of complications varies in different studies. The objective of this present single institute study is to analyze iatrogenic factors, which may influence the EVD device placement and the patient's outcome. A total of 137 EVD(More)
The complications of anterior discectomy without fusion were analyzed on the basis of 450 consecutive cases treated surgically for degenerative disc disease. There was no death related to the procedure. The most common complication was a worsening of the preexisting myelopathy. This occurred in 3.3%, including one case with severe medullary contusion. Wound(More)