Helmut Acker

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We have measured depth profiles of extracellular pH (pHECR) and PO2 (PtO2) as well as the kinetics of changes of pHECR in the isolated brain stem-spinal cord preparation of the neonatal rat using pH and PO2 microelectrodes that entered from the ventral surface. When the preparation was superfused with control mock cerebrospinal fluid (Control mock CSF; pH =(More)
Type-I cells (from rabbit embryos) in primary culture were studied in voltage-clamp experiments using the whole cell arrangement of the patch-clamp technique. With a pipette solution containing 130 mM K+ and 3 mM Mg-ATP, large outward currents were obtained positive to a threshold of about -30 mV by clamping cells from -50 mV to different test pulses (-80(More)
Blastocyst-derived pluripotent mouse embryonic stem cells can differentiate in vitro to form so-called embryoid bodies (EBs), which recapitulate several aspects of murine embryogenesis. We used this in vitro model to study oxygen supply and consumption as well as the response to reduced oxygenation during the earliest stages of development. EBs were found(More)
The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level in the carotid body has often been discussed as the crucial step in the chemoreceptive process. Therefore, the ATP level of the cat carotid body was investigated with the aid of the bioluminescence method under different stimulation conditions. Under normoxic conditions an ATP level of about 0.087 nmol/glomus was(More)
Two human neuroblastoma (NB) cell lines, SH-SY5Y and Kelly, were found to express the gene for erythropoietin (EPO) in an oxygen (O(2))-dependent manner. However, NB cells had maximal production of EPO with lower partial pressure of O(2) values than the well-characterized hepatoma cell line HepG2. This maximal EPO expression was preceded by accumulation of(More)
For many years there has been a concern that anoxic and, therefore, radioresistant cells in tumours might escape radio-therapeutic treatment. This has been demonstrated for experimental tumours, but more data are needed on this question for human tumours (Andrews, 1978). To acquire knowledge on oxygen metabolism and its relation to radio-senstivity, cell(More)
Autofluorescence (AF) originating from the cytoplasmic region of mammalian cells has been thoroughly investigated; however, AF from plasma membranes of viable intact cells is less well known, and has been mentioned only in a few older publications. Herein, we report results describing single- and two-photon spectral properties of a strong yellowish-green AF(More)
The cyclic AMP content of cat carotid bodies in vitro measured with a radioimmunoassay under control conditions (PO2: 230 torr) was 0.79 +/- 0.10 pmol/carotid body (n = 10). Lowering medium PO2 to 20 torr for 2 min significantly increased cyclic AMP content to 1.13 +/- 0.14 pmol/carotid body (n = 10). This increase was inhibited neither by propranolol (34(More)
Little is known about the factors influencing the hemoglobin switch in vertebrates during development. Inasmuch as the mammalian conceptus is exposed to changing oxygen tensions in utero, we examined the effect of different oxygen concentrations on beta-globin switching. We used an in vitro model of mouse embryogenesis based on the differentiation of(More)
In the dark, during normocapnic (pCO2=35 Torr, pHo=7.4) normoxia (pO2=100 Torr), high pCO (>300 Torr) causes Ca2+-dependent photolabile excitation of chemosensors in the carotid body (CB). We previously proposed that the source of this Ca2+ was the [Ca2+]i stores because CO would react only intracellularly. However, influx of extracellular Ca2+ was not(More)