Helmut Acker

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Hypoxia-inducible factor1 (HIF-1) is an essential transcription factor for cellular adaptation to decreased oxygen availability. In normoxia the oxygen-sensitive alpha-subunit of HIF-1 is hydroxylated on Pro564 and Pro402 and thus targeted for proteasomal degradation. Three human oxygen-dependent HIF-1 alpha prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1, PHD2, and PHD3)(More)
Hypoxia in tumors is generally associated with chemoresistance and radioresistance. However, the correlation between the heterodimeric hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and the multidrug resistance transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has not been investigated. Herein, we demonstrate that with increasing size of DU-145 prostate multicellular tumor spheroids(More)
Tumor vascularization is the rate-limiting step for the progression of cancer. Differential steps of tumor-induced angiogenesis were studied by a novel in vitro confrontation culture of avascular multicellular prostate tumor spheroids and embryoid bodies grown from pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells. Vascularization in embryoid bodies started on day 5 of(More)
It has been proposed that hydroxyl radicals (.OH) generated in a perinuclear iron-dependent Fenton reaction are involved in O(2)-dependent gene expression. Thus, it was the aim of this study to localize the cellular compartment in which the Fenton reaction takes place and to determine whether scavenging of.OH can modulate hypoxia-inducible factor 1(More)
We have measured depth profiles of extracellular pH (pHECR) and PO2 (PtO2) as well as the kinetics of changes of pHECR in the isolated brain stem-spinal cord preparation of the neonatal rat using pH and PO2 microelectrodes that entered from the ventral surface. When the preparation was superfused with control mock cerebrospinal fluid (Control mock CSF; pH =(More)
Artemisinin is widely used as an agent to treat malaria; the possible antiangiogenic effects of this compound are unknown. In the present study, the antiangiogenic effects of artemisinin were investigated in mouse embryonic stem cell-derived embryoid bodies, which are a model system for early postimplantation embryos and which efficiently differentiate(More)
The rat carotid body tissue reveals a photometrically measurable haem signal with absorbance maxima at 560 nm, 518 nm and 425 nm, suggesting the presence of a b-type cytochrome; this was confirmed by pyridine haemochrome and CO spectra. The quantity of cytochrome b was estimated to be 310 pmol.mg of protein-1. This haem is capable of H2O2 formation, which(More)
NADPH oxidase isoforms with different gp91phox subunits as well as an unusual cytochrome aa3 with a heme a/a3 relationship of 9:91 are discussed as putative oxygen sensor proteins influencing gene expression and ion channel conductivity. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important second messengers of the oxygen sensing signal cascade determining the(More)
Structural and functional integrity of brain function profoundly depends on a regular oxygen and glucose supply. Any disturbance of this supply becomes life threatening and may result in severe loss of brain function. In particular, reductions in oxygen availability (hypoxia) caused by systemic or local blood circulation irregularities cannot be tolerated(More)