Helmtrud I. Roach

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A detailed histological study of the growth plates from 9- to 20-day-old embryonic chick long bones was carried out with the aim of clarifying the long-debated question of the fate of the hypertrophic chondrocytes. Since resorption in chick bones does not occur synchronously across the plate as it does in mammals, specialized regions develop and the fate of(More)
Four major non-collagenous bone proteins were localised by single and double immuno- histochemistry during de novo mineralisation and bone resorption. Both osteopontin and bone sialoprotein were localised ahead of the mineralisation front, suggesting that both proteins are necessary for the initiation of bone mineralisation. This supports previous(More)
Human cartilage is a complex tissue of matrix proteins that vary in amount and orientation from superficial to deep layers and from loaded to unloaded zones. A major challenge to efforts to repair cartilage by stem cell-based and other tissue engineering strategies is the inability of the resident chondrocytes to lay down new matrix with the same structural(More)
We have investigated the early cellular events that take place during the change in lineage commitment from hypertrophic chondrocytes to osteoblast-like cells. We have induced this osteogenic differentiation by cutting through the hypertrophic cartilage of embryonic chick femurs and culturing the explants. Immunocytochemical characterization, [3H]thymidine(More)
OSF-1, more commonly known as pleiotrophin (PTN) or heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (HB-GAM), belongs to a new family of secreted HB proteins, which are structurally unrelated to any other growth factor family. The aims of this study were to dissect the diverse functions of PTN in bone formation. The study showed that PTN was synthesized by(More)
To date, the plasticity, multipotentiality, and characteristics of progenitor cells from fetal skeletal tissue remain poorly defined. This study has examined cell populations from human fetal femurs in comparison with adult-derived mesenchymal cell populations. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction demonstrated expression of mesenchymal(More)
We studied the endochondral ossification that occurs during the transition of soft to hard callus during fracture healing in the rabbit. During this process, parts of the cartilaginous soft callus are invaded by capillaries, and new bone is laid down onto the central unresorbed cartilage struts. We found that the chondrocytes within these cartilage struts(More)
OBJECTIVE Collagen fibril degeneration involves initially the cleavage within the triple helix by the collagenases 1 (MMP-1) and 3 (MMP-13), but then mainly involves also the gelatinases A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9). The objective of this study was to determine the quantitative expression levels as well as the distribution in normal and osteoarthritic cartilage(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether changes in the DNA methylation status in the promoter region of the gene encoding interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) account for expression of IL1B messenger RNA (mRNA) after long-term treatment of human articular chondrocytes with inflammatory cytokines. METHODS IL-1beta, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) plus oncostatin M(More)
Utilizing ATDC5 murine chondrogenic cells and human articular chondrocytes, this study sought to develop facile, reproducible three-dimensional models of cartilage generation with the application of tissue engineering strategies, involving biodegradable poly(glycolic acid) scaffolds and rotating wall bioreactors, and micromass pellet cultures. Chondrogenic(More)