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We developed two sets of broad-host-range vectors that drive expression of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) or color variants thereof (henceforth collectively called autofluorescent proteins [AFPs]) from the lac promoter. These two sets are based on different replicons that are maintained in a stable fashion in Escherichia coli and rhizobia. Using(More)
The expression of the auxin responsive reporter construct, GH3:gusA, was examined in transgenic white clover plants to assess changes in the auxin balance during the earliest stages of root nodule formation. Reporter gene expression was monitored at marked locations after the application of bacteria or signal molecules using two precise inoculation(More)
The expression of nod genes of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae in nodules of Pisum sativum was investigated at both the translational and transcriptional levels. By using immunoblots, it was found that the levels of NodA, NodI, NodE, and NodO proteins were reduced at least 14-fold in bacteriods compared with cultured cells, whereas NodD protein was(More)
For this work, Lotus japonicus transgenic plants were constructed expressing a fusion reporter gene consisting of the genes beta-glucuronidase (gus) and green fluorescent protein (gfp) under control of the soybean auxin-responsive promoter GH3. These plants expressed GUS and GFP in the vascular bundle of shoots, roots and leafs. Root sections showed that in(More)
By fusing the genes encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) and beta-glucuronidase (GUS) we have created a set of bifunctional reporter constructs which are optimized for use in transient and stable expression studies in plants. This approach makes it possible to combine the advantage of GUS, its high sensitivity in histochemical staining, with the(More)
Quantitative analyses of fast- and slow-growing soybean rhizobia populations in soils of four different provinces of China (Hubei, Shan Dong, Henan, and Xinjiang) have been carried out using the most probable number technique (MPN). All soils contained fast- (FSR) and slow-growing (SSR) soybean rhizobia. Asiatic and American soybean cultivars grown at acid,(More)
We have analysed 198 fast-growing soybean-nodulating rhizobial strains from four different regions of China for the following characteristics: generation time; number of plasmids; lipopolysaccharide (LPS), nodulation factors (LCOs) and PCR profiles; acidification of growth medium; capacity to grow at acid, neutral, and alkaline pH; growth on LC medium;(More)
In Rhizobium strains the transcription of symbiosis plasmid-localized nod genes, except nodD, is induced by plant flavonoids and requires the nodD gene product. In order to localize NodD protein in R. leguminosarum, a NodD protein-specific antiserum was raised against a lacZ'-'nodD gene fusion product. Using these antibodies, we determined that the NodD(More)
In a previous study, we showed that in bacteroids, transcription of the inducible nod genes does not occur and expression of nodD is decreased by 65% (H. R. M. Schlaman, B. Horvath, E. Vijgenboom, R.J.H. Okker, and B. J. J. Lugtenberg, J. Bacteriol. 173:4277-4287, 1991). In the present study, we show, using gel retardation, that in crude extracts of(More)