Helmi Neuvonen

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13C NMR chemical shifts delta(C)(C=N) were measured in CDCl3 for a wide set of mesogenic molecule model compounds, viz. the substituted benzylidene anilines p-X-C6H4CH=NC6H4-p-Y (X = NO2, CN, CF3, F, Cl, H, Me, MeO, or NMe2; Y = NO2, CN, F, Cl, H, Me, MeO, or NMe2). The substituent dependence of delta(C)(C=N) was used as a tool to study electronic(More)
A 56-year-old female chemist, with a history of hand dermatitis and rubber allergy, developed facial swelling, erythema, and pruritic scaling during periods of teaching a laboratory course for chemistry students. The patient had been wearing long sleeve jackets and plastic protective gloves when working with chemicals, and she had no hand dermatitis.(More)
(13)C NMR chemical shifts and nu(C[double bond]O) frequencies have been measured for several series of phenyl- or acyl-substituted phenyl acetates and for acyl-substituted methyl acetates to investigate the substituent-induced changes in the electrophilic character of the carbonyl carbon. Charge density, bond order, and energy calculations have also been(More)
A mechanism is proposed for imidazole-catalysed peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence. The reaction model includes a sequential formation of 1-aroxalylimidazole and 1,1'-oxalyldiimidazole as light-producing reaction intermediates. The suggestion is supported by the kinetic data obtained for the reaction of imidazole with bis(4-nitrophenyl) oxalate and on the(More)
Benzaldehyde derivatives possessing a C=N double bond in the side-chain of the aromatic ring exhibit a reverse dependence of the (13)C NMR chemical shifts of the C=N carbon on the benzylidenic substituents X. Thus, electron-withdrawing substituents cause shielding (shift is reduced), while electron-donating ones cause deshielding. The origin of this(More)
Substituent effects on the stabilities of the ring and chain forms in a tautomeric equilibrium of five series of 2-phenyloxazolidines or -perhydro-1,3-oxazines possessing nine different substitutions at the phenyl moiety have been studied with the aid of 13C NMR spectroscopy and PM3 charge density and energy calculations. Reaction energies of the isodesmic(More)
Carbonyl carbon (13)C NMR chemical shifts delta(C)(C[double bond]O) measured in this work for a wide set of substituted phenyl benzoates p-Y-C(6)H(4)CO(2)C(6)H(4)-p-X (X = NO(2), CN, Cl, Br, H, Me, or MeO; Y = NO(2), Cl, H, Me, MeO, or NMe(2) ) have been used as a tool to study substituent effects on the carbonyl unit. The goal of the work was to study the(More)
[structures: see text] Propagation of inductive and resonance effects of phenyl substituents within 1-(substituted phenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydro- and -1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines were studied with the aid of 13C and 15N NMR chemical shifts and ab initio calculations. The substituent-induced changes in the chemical shift (SCS) were correlated with a(More)
Electron-withdrawing substituents at position 4 of 2,5-dimethoxy-substituted amphetamines increase, whereas electron-donating substituents decrease the psychotomimetic activity. The origin of this clearly localized effect is discussed. The uses of modified Hammett substituent scales (sigma(-) and sigma(+)), and especially the good sigma(+) correlation,(More)