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Wnt-4 is a signaling factor with multiple roles in organogenesis, a deficiency that leads to abnormal development of the kidney, pituitary gland, female reproductive system, and mammary gland. Wnt-4 is expressed in the cortical region of the developing adrenal gland from embryonic d 11.5 onward, especially in the outermost part. Expression of Cyp11B2 and(More)
Two 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17HSDs), type 1 and type 7, are enzymes of estradiol biosynthesis, in addition to which rodent type 1 enzymes are also able to catalyze androgens. Both of the 17HSDs are abundantly expressed in ovaries, the type 1 enzyme in granulosa cells and type 7 in luteinized cells. The expression of 17HSD7, which has also been(More)
Heterodimeric hCG is one of the key hormones determining early pregnancy success. We have previously identified rare missense mutations in hCGβ genes with potential pathophysiological importance. The present study assessed the impact of these mutations on the structure and function of hCG by applying a combination of in silico (sequence and structure(More)
Enzymes with 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta-HSD) activity catalyse reactions between the low-active female sex steroid, estrone, and the more potent estradiol, for example. 17 beta-HSD activity is essential for glandular (endocrine) sex hormone biosynthesis, but it is also present in several extra-gonadal tissues. Hence, 17 beta-HSD enzymes(More)
abstract: Heterodimeric hCG is one of the key hormones determining early pregnancy success. We have previously identified rare missense mutations in hCGb genes with potential pathophysiological importance. The present study assessed the impact of these mutations on the structure and function of hCG by applying a combination of in silico (sequence and(More)
Gonadectomy induces in certain inbred stains of mice adrenal hyperplasia and tumorigenesis, originating from the putative subcapsular stem/progenitor cell layer. This response is apparently triggered by the elevated post-gonadectomy levels of luteinising hormone (LH), followed by ectopic upregulation of adrenal LH/chorionic gonadotrophin (CG) receptors(More)
During the last two decades a large number of genetically modified mouse lines with altered gonadotropin action have been generated. These mouse lines fall into three categories: the lack-of-function mice, gain-of-function mice, and the mice generated by breeding the abovementioned lines with other disease model lines. The mouse strains lacking gonadotropin(More)
17 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17-HSD type 1) is a steroidogenic enzyme catalyzing reversible interconversion of estradiol and estrone. 17-HSD type 1 is actively expressed in human placenta. We characterized 17-HSD type 1 expression and its regulation by basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in JAR, JEG-3 and BeWo choriocarcinoma cell lines.(More)
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