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Integral membrane proteins are involved in virtually every cellular process. Precisely regulating these machineries would allow controlling many human and vertebrate diseases. Embedded into cellular membranes, membrane proteins establish molecular interactions that sensitively react to environmental changes and to molecular compounds, such as ligands or(More)
Actin filament turnover underpins several processes in the life cycle of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. Polymerization and depolymerization are especially important for gliding motility, a substrate-dependent form of cell movement that underpins the protozoan parasite's ability to disseminate and invade host cells. To date, given difficulties(More)
Previously, we applied single-molecule force spectroscopy to detect and locate interactions within the functional Na(+)/H(+) antiporter NhaA from Escherichia coli. It was observed that the binding of the inhibitor 2-aminoperimidine established interactions different from those introduced by the binding of the native ligand. To understand the inhibitory(More)
The correct spatial organization of microtubules is of crucial importance for determining the internal architecture of eukaryotic cells. Microtubules are arranged in space by a multitude of biochemical activities and by spatial constraints imposed by the cell boundary. The principles underlying the establishment of distinct intracellular architectures are(More)
Three different variants of photoactivatable caged paclitaxel (PTX) have been synthesized and their bioactivity was characterized in in vitro assays and in living cells. The caged PTXs contain the photoremovable chromophore 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzyloxycarbonyl (Nvoc) attached to position C7, C2' and to both of these positions via a carbonate bond. Single(More)
Three different variants of photoactivatable caged paclitaxel (PTX) have been synthesized and their bioactivity was characterized in in vitro assays and in living cells. The caged PTXs contain the photoremovable chromophore 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzyloxycarbonyl (Nvoc) attached to position C7, C2' and to both of these positions via a carbonate bond. Single(More)
In living cells, the architecture of the microtubule cytoskeleton is intimately linked to its function. The principles determining how microtubules arrange in space are, however, still not fully understood. Biochemical activities controlling microtubule nucleation and dynamics as well as mechanochemical activities exerted by molecular motors and the dynamic(More)
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