Helke Hillebrand

Learn More
Three of the nitrilase isoenzymes of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. are located on chromosome III in tandem and these genes (NIT2/NIT1/NIT3 in the 5′→3′ direction) encode highly similar polypeptides. Copy DNAs encompassing the entire coding sequences for all three nitrilases were expressed in Escherichia coli as fusion proteins containing a C-terminal(More)
Plant biotechnology is expected to make a major contribution to the steady increase of crop production in the near future. The improvement of mineral assimilation has to meet the challenges of reducing fertilizer application in developed countries, preserving the environment, enabling sustainable agriculture management and generating low-input crops with(More)
A regeneration and transformation system has been developed using organogenic calluses derived from soybean axillary nodes as the starting explants. Leaf-node or cotyledonary-node explants were prepared from 7 to 8-d-old seedlings. Callus was induced on medium containing either Murashige and Skoog (MS) salts or modified Finer and Nagasawa (FNL) salts and B5(More)
The promoter of the nit1 gene, encoding the predominantly expressed isoform of the Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. nitrilase isoenzyme family, fused to the β-glucuronidase gene (uidA) drives β-glucuronidase expression in the root system of transgenic A. thaliana and tobacco plants. This expression pattern was shown to be controlled developmentally,(More)
Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain K599 (pRi2659), a causative agent of hairy root disease, effectively induces hairy root formation in a variety of plant species, including numerous soybean (Glycine max) cultivars. Because Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of soybean remains challenging and labor intensive, K599 appeared a suitable progenitor for new(More)
The nitrilases of Arabidopsis thaliana (At) catalyze the conversion of indole-3-acetonitrile (IAN) to indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), thus controlling the last step of auxin biosynthesis. A full-length genomic clone encoding the complete cluster of the At nitrilases 1 to 3 (NIT1-3), including the respective promoter regions, has been isolated and the NIT1(More)
A novel Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation method using a primary-node explant from Dairyland cultivar 93061 was developed for soybean using the disarmed Agrobacterium strain SHA17. Transformed plants regenerated from explants inoculated with SHA17 were fertile and phenotypically normal. In a comparative experiment, regeneration frequencies(More)
Technical enzymes are used in many industrial applications. Nowadays technical enzymes are often produced in transgenic host organisms. The use of transgenic plants with respect to high level of expression at low costs as a prerequisite for successful commercial production of technical enzymes is discussed. This review summarises recently published examples(More)
A 13.8 kb DNA sequence containing the promoters and the structural genes of the Arabidopsis thaliana nit2/nit1/nit3 gene cluster has been isolated and characterized. The coding regions of nit2, nit1 and nit3 spanned 1.9, 1.8 and 2.1 kb, respectively. The architecture of the three genes is highly conserved. Each isoform consists of five exons separated by(More)
  • 1