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Homomeric P2X3 receptors are present in sensory ganglia and participate in pain perception. Amino acid (AA) residues were replaced in the four supposed nucleotide binding segments (NBSs) of the human (h) P2X3 receptor by alanine, and these mutants were expressed in HEK293 cells and Xenopus laevis oocytes. Patch clamp and two-electrode voltage clamp(More)
Neuronally enriched primary cerebrocortical cultures were exposed to glucose-free medium saturated with argon (in vitro ischemia) instead of oxygen (normoxia). Ischemia did not alter P2X7 receptor mRNA, although serum deprivation clearly increased it. Accordingly, P2X7 receptor immunoreactivity (IR) of microtubuline-associated protein 2 (MAP2)-IR neurons or(More)
BACKGROUND The use of molecular biology-based methods for species identification and establishing phylogenetic relationships has supplanted traditional methods relying on morphological characteristics. While PCR-based methods are now the commonly accepted gold standards for these types of analysis, relatively high costs, time-consuming assay development or(More)
ATP, ADPbetaS and UTP induced a comparable rise in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in HEK-293 cells using fura-2 microfluorimetry. The responses persisted in Ca2+-free medium, but were abolished following depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores by cyclopiazonic acid. Cross-desensitisation experiments demonstrated that exposure to ADPbetaS has(More)
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