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Autophagy is a lysosome-dependent cellular catabolic mechanism mediating the turnover of intracellular organelles and long-lived proteins. Reduction of autophagy activity has been shown to lead to the accumulation of misfolded proteins in neurons and may be involved in chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington's disease and Alzheimer's disease.(More)
Previous experiments suggest a connection between the N-alpha-acetylation of proteins and sensitivity of cells to apoptotic signals. Here, we describe a biochemical assay to detect the acetylation status of proteins and demonstrate that protein N-alpha-acetylation is regulated by the availability of acetyl-CoA. Because the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-xL is(More)
Tumor suppressor proteins are believed to play a role in regulating cell cycle control during mammalian development. The E6 and E7 oncoproteins from human papillomavirus type 16 are known to affect cell growth control, at least in part, through their inactivation of cellular tumor suppressor gene products, p53 and Rb, respectively. Therefore, these viral(More)
Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, is a critical event in the development of multicellular organisms, and its perturbation is implicated in many diseases including cancer. The tumor suppressor protein p53 is known to mediate apoptosis induced by the DNA tumor virus oncoproteins, adenovirus E1A (AdE1A) and SV40 T antigen (SV40 Tag). We have recently(More)
An image-based phenotypic screen was developed to identify small molecule regulators of intracellular traffic. Using this screen we found that AG1478, a previously known inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor, had epidermal growth factor receptor-independent activity in inducing the disassembly of the Golgi in human cells. Similar to brefeldin A(More)
Certain "high-risk" anogenital human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been associated with the majority of human cervical carcinomas. In these cancers, two papillomaviral genes, E6 and E7, are commonly expressed. In this study we provide evidence that expression of the E6 and E7 genes from the high-risk HPV-16 in the skin of transgenic mice potentiated the(More)
Using an image-based screen for small molecules that can affect Golgi morphology, we identify a small molecule, Sioc145, which can enlarge the Golgi compartments and promote protein secretion. More importantly, Sioc145 potentiates insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner. We show that Sioc145 selectively activates novel protein kinase Cs (nPKCs; δ(More)
An image-based phenotypic screen was developed to identify small molecule regulators of intracellular traffic. Using this screen we found that AG1478, a previous known inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), had an EGFR independent activity in inducing the disassembly of the Golgi in human cells. Similar to Brefeldin A (BFA), a known disrupter(More)
Stimulation of cells with TNFα leads to the formation of the TNF-R1 signaling complex (TNF-RSC) to mediate downstream cellular fate decision. Activation of the TNF-RSC is modulated by different types of ubiquitination and may lead to cell death, including apoptosis and necroptosis, in both RIPK1-dependent and RIPK1-independent manners. Spata2(More)
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