Helinä Hartikainen

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Selenium is an essential element for antioxidation reactions in human and animals. In order to study its biological role in higher plants, ryegrass (Lolium perenne) was cultivated in a soil without Se or amended with increasing dosages of H2SeO4 (0.1, 1.0, 10.0 and 30.0 mg Se kg−1). Ryegrass was harvested twice and the yields were analyzed for antioxidative(More)
In human and animal cells, Se plays an essential role in antioxidation and exerts an antiaging function but it is toxic at high dietary intake. To increase its intake in forage and foodstuffs, Se fertilization is adopted in some countries where soils are low in bioavailable Se, even though higher plants are regarded not to require Se. To test its ability to(More)
In areas where soils are low in bioavailable selenium (Se), potential Se deficiencies cause health risks for humans. Though higher plants have been considered not to require this element, the experience with low-Se soils in Finland has provided evidence that the supplementation of commercial fertilizers with sodium selenate affects positively not only the(More)
The aim of the work was to recognize the effect of cadmium (Cd) and selenium (Se) onto properties of plastid lipid membranes. Plastids were isolated from wheat calli cultured during 2 weeks on Murashige–Skoog media with presence/absence of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Plastids obtained in presence of 2,4-D represented an earlier developmental stage in(More)
Despite different geological features the Nordic countries are generally selenium-poor areas. In each country various factors such as food importation and life-style determine the selenium (Se) intake. Due to an extremely low Se intake in the 1970s in Finland, 0.025 mg/day, an official decision was made in 1984 to supplement multinutrient fertilizers with(More)
Cadmium (Cd) exerts a detrimental effect on the metabolism of plants, whereas selenium (Se) may protect them against various stressors through its antioxidative activity. In this in vitro study we investigated the impact of Se (2 µM Na2SeO4) on the growth, nutrient (P, S, K, Ca, Mg, B, Mn, Fe and Zn) concentrations and cell integrity of rape (Brassica napus(More)
Phosphorus (P) release from sediment particles to the interstitial water has been studied extensively, but the contribution of different inorganic P pools in sediment under differing environmental conditions is not fully understood. This study was undertaken to get more detailed information about the chemical mobilization mechanisms. Phosphorus mobilization(More)
The effect of selenium (Se) treatments on potato growth and Se, soluble sugar, and starch accumulation was investigated. Potato plants were cultivated in quartz sand without or with sodium selenate (0, 0.075, 0.3 mg Se kg(-1) sand). In young potato plants, Se treatment resulted in higher starch concentrations in upper leaves. The tuber yield of Se-treated(More)
The protective effect of selenium against the cadmium-induced oxidative effect in broccoli ( Brassica oleracea) plants was studied. Plants grown in hydroponic culture were supplied with selenium [as Se(IV)] and cadmium [as Cd(II)], individually or simultaneously. Cadmium accumulation in roots was noticeably higher than in the aerial parts of the plants, and(More)
Selenium (Se) is able to defend human and animal cells against UV(B) stress. Higher plants are generally considered not to require Se but to have a low tolerance to it. However, recently it has been demonstrated that Se is able to protect also plants against UV-induced oxidative stress and even to promote the growth of plants subjected to high-energy light.(More)