Heli J Ruotsalainen

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We report on the isolation and characterization of cDNA clones for mouse lysyl hydroxylases 1, 2 and 3 (LH1, LH2, LH3). Phylogenetic analysis using nine lysyl hydroxylase sequences from five species indicates that the isoforms are derived from an ancestral gene by two duplication events, isoforms 1 and 2 being more closely related and having resulted from a(More)
Lysyl hydroxylase 3 (LH3) is a multifunctional enzyme possessing lysyl hydroxylase (LH), hydroxylysyl galactosyltransferase (GT) and galactosylhydroxylysyl glucosyltransferase (GGT) activities in vitro. To investigate the in vivo importance of LH3-catalyzed lysine hydroxylation and hydroxylysine-linked glycosylations, three different LH3-manipulated mouse(More)
Hydroxylysine and its glycosylated forms, galactosylhydroxylysine and glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysine, are post-translational modifications unique to collagenous sequences. They are found in collagens and in many proteins having a collagenous domain in their structure. Since the last published reviews, significant new data have accumulated regarding these(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to reveal changes in the collagen network architecture and collagen content in cartilage during growth and maturation of pigs. METHODS Femoral groove articular cartilage specimens were collected from 4-, 11- and 21-month-old domestic pigs (n=12 in each group). The animal care conditions were kept constant(More)
Lysyl hydroxylase is an enzyme involved in collagen biosynthesis, catalyzing the hydroxylation of lysyl residues as a post-translational event. Three isoforms have been characterized so far (LH1, LH2, LH3). Our recent findings indicate that LH3 possesses, not only lysyl hydroxylase activity, but also galactosylhydroxylysyl glucosyltransferase activity(More)
Lysyl hydroxylase 3 (LH3), the multifunctional enzyme associated with collagen biosynthesis that possesses lysyl hydroxylase and collagen glycosyltransferase activities, has been characterized in the extracellular space in this study. Lysine modifications are known to occur in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) prior to collagen triple-helix formation, but in(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the role of chemokines of two major chemokine families, CC and CXC, in major depressive disorder (MDD) in a population-based sample. METHOD The serum levels of CC chemokines MCP-1 and MIP-1beta, and CXC chemokine IL-8 were measured from 122 participants (MDD group, n=61; controls, n=61). Depression severity was assessed with the(More)
Lysyl hydroxylase 3 (LH3) is a multifunctional enzyme possessing lysyl hydroxylase, collagen galactosyltransferase, and glucosyltransferase (GGT) activities. We report here an important role for LH3 in the organization of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cytoskeleton. Deposition of ECM was affected in heterozygous LH3 knock-out mouse embryonic fibroblasts(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma adiponectin and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) exhibit a well-known positive metabolic correlation. Neither heritability nor genome-wide linkage analysis for the high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin is available. This work estimates the genetic and environmental determinants and the heritabilities of the adiponectins and(More)
Most lysines in type IV and VI collagens are hydroxylated and glycosylated, but the functions of these unique galactosylhydroxylysyl and glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysyl residues are poorly understood. The formation of glycosylated hydroxylysines is catalyzed by multifunctional lysyl hydroxylase 3 (LH3) in vivo, and we have used LH3-manipulated mice and cells(More)