Helge Völkel

Learn More
Using 5% ethanol as a deciliating agent, 20 mm colchicine to prevent reciliation and 1 mm amiloride to affect ion fluxes in Paramecium we examined the compartmentation and function of Ca2+ fluxes employing the biosynthesis of cGMP and the stereotypic swimming behavior as indicators for Ca2+ entry. As a function of extracellular Ca2+ Paramecia responded to(More)
This study was performed to assess the contribution of systemic and external uptake to nicotine accumulation in hair. The systemic nicotine uptake in hair was determined in pigmented rats (Brown Norway) and albino rats (Sprague-Dawley) after subcutaneous administration of 3 doses of nicotine with osmotic minipumps [5, 10, and 20 mg/(kg x day) for 3 weeks],(More)
The human glutamate transporter EAAT2 (GLT-1) is of major importance for synaptic glutamate reuptake, and reportedly, a candidate gene for neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and epilepsy. Here we report the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) cloning of two novel EAAT2 transcripts, named EAAT2-C1 and EAAT2-C2,(More)
The ciliate Paramecium tetraurelia secretes large amounts of a cysteine protease into the growth medium, presumably for extracellular food digestion. Two endoprotease isozymes (30 and 33 kDa on SDS/PAGE, respectively), both present in cell homogenates and in spent growth medium, were purified to homogeneity. Peptide sequence analysis revealed that these(More)
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) fulfills important supporting tasks to maintain the visual functions of the sensorineural retina. One major signalling mechanism by which adjacent tissues impinge on the RPE is the adenylyl cyclase (AC)/cAMP pathway. In the RPE, cAMP seems to modulate unique functions such as the phagocytosis of discs shed from the rod(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate if sequence alterations of the excitatory amino acid transporter gene EAAT2 (GLT-1) may be a contributory factor to the pathogenesis of motor system degeneration. EAAT2 serves as a candidate gene as its reduced expression was reported in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Furthermore, neurolathyrism, a motor neuron(More)
A qualitative immunohistochemical study was performed on calcineurin A- and calbindin-positive neurons in the spinal cord of transgenic mice, an animal model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, carrying the G93A mutation of the Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase gene. The results show that calcineurin A-immunoreactive motoneurons are affected by the neurodegenerative(More)
Energy metabolism is impaired in the Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase transgenic mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The goal was to investigate tolerance against single and repetitive hypoxia in C57B6SJL-TgN(SOD1-G93A)1GUR mice (G93A mice). Posthypoxic recovery (15 min hypoxia, 45 min recovery) of population spike amplitude in hippocampal region CA1(More)
TWO novel transcripts of the human excitatory amino acid transporter EAAT2 (GLT-1) were cloned using PCR cloning techniques. Comparative sequence analysis of the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of five EAAT2 transcripts led to the definition of five putative 5'-untranslated exons that are combined in a variable manner. Alternative splicing is a likely(More)