Helge Skinnes

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A genetic linkage mapping study was conducted in 93 doubled-haploid lines derived from a cross between Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell 'Arina' and a Norwegian spring wheat breeding line, NK93604, using diversity arrays technology (DArT), amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. The objective of this study was(More)
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a destructive wheat disease of global importance. Resistance breeding depends heavily on the Fhb1 gene. The CIMMYT line Shanghai-3/Catbird (SHA3/CBRD) is a promising source without this gene. A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population from the cross of SHA3/CBRD with the German spring wheat cv. Naxos was evaluated for FHB(More)
ABSTRACT Near-isogenic lines (NILs) with resistance for scald in seventh generation backcross with 'Ingrid' as recurrent parent (RP) were tested with seven differential isolates of Rhynchosporium secalis in Norway and Canada. NILs of 'Turk', 'Brier', 'CI 8162', 'La Mesita', 'Hispont', 'Atlas 46', 'Modoc', 'Hudson', 'Abyssinian', 'Steudelli', and 'CI 2222'(More)
Breeding for Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistant wheat adapted to the Norwegian climatic conditions is one of the top priorities in the country. This study was conducted to characterize QTLs for FHB resistance and low deoxynivalenol (DON) content in a population of 93 double haploid lines from a cross between ‘Arina’ and NK93604. Both parents have moderate(More)
Seven spring wheat, 13 barley, 14 oats and 20 winter wheat genotypes were inoculated at flowering in 1993 and 1994 with mixed conidial suspensions of 8 isolates of Fusarium culmorum. Four weeks after inoculation, head blight was recorded in the field. After harvest, seed infection was assessed by a Freezing Blotter Test in the laboratory. Seed samples were(More)
Possible negative effects of tissue culture on qualitative and quantitative characters have been investigated in three crosses of spring barley, using doubled haploid lines produced by anther culture (AC, with maltose as a carbon source) or the Hordeum bulbosum-method (HB). In one cross inbred lines produced by single seed descent (SSD) have also been(More)
The Swedish winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar Folke has a long record of partial and race non-specific resistance to powdery mildew (caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici) in the field. The aim of the present study was to map the main genetic factors behind the partial resistance in Folke and identify molecular markers for use in(More)
Fusarium head blight in small grain cereals has emerged as a major problem in the Nordic countries. However, the impact of this disease in oats has been less investigated than in other cereals. For this reason we have studied the infection process (the optimal time of infection and infection pathways) of Fusarium graminearum in oats and its subsequent(More)
Mycotoxins caused by Fusarium spp. is a major concern on food and feed safety in oats, although Fusarium head blight (FHB) is often less apparent than in other small grain cereals. Breeding resistant cultivars is an economic and environment-friendly way to reduce toxin content, either by the identification of resistance QTL or phenotypic evaluation. Both(More)
Mycotoxin contamination and reduced germination capacity (GC) of oats affected by Fusarium head blight (FHB) have become serious concerns in Norway. Spawn- and spray-inoculated field trials were conducted from 2007 to 2010 to screen for resistant genotypes and to study the relationship between GC and deoxynivalenol (DON) contamination. Correlation(More)