Helge Schoenfeld

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BACKGROUND QWALYS 2 is a fully automated system for ABO/D grouping, Rh phenotyping, K typing, and antibody screening (ABS). Its new erythrocyte-magnetized technology (EMT) is based on the use of magnetic nanoparticles and avoids centrifugation and washing steps. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Overall 499 blood samples were tested with our routine blood bank(More)
RATIONALE Postoperative pneumonia is three to four times more frequent in patients with alcohol use disorders followed by prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Long-term alcohol use leads to an altered perioperative hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and immunity. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate HPA intervention with low-dose(More)
Approximately 20% of medical and surgical patients in hospital have an alcohol use disorder (AUD). Diagnosis of chronic alcohol abuse is performed by specific medical history, examination and validated tests. Biomarkers are a means of diagnosing chronic alcoholism in sedated, intubated and emergency patients. Chronic alcohol consumption damages the central(More)
BACKGROUND Blunt chest trauma accounts for 90% of chest trauma in the civilian population in Europe and the United States and causes 20% of trauma-related deaths. Missed aortic injuries can rupture and lead to subsequent death of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study compared two different imaging strategies, chest X-rays compared to(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently we suggested a comprehensive blood-sparing approach in pediatric cardiac surgery that resulted in no transfusion in 71 infants (25%), postoperative transfusion only in 68 (24%), and intraoperative transfusion in 149 (52%). We analyzed the effects of transfusion on postoperative morbidity and mortality in the same cohort of patients. (More)
Life-threatening anaphylaxis or febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions after transfusion of platelet concentrates (PCs) is a serious clinical problem caused by the sensitizing of recipients to plasma components, such as immunoglobulin A, or by cytokines. There is a possible indication for washing of PCs in these thrombocytopenic patients. However, only(More)
Emergency Department (ED) patients show a high prevalence of hazardous alcohol consumption and smoking. The objective of this study was to determine if socioeconomic factors and smoking status help to optimize screening for hazardous alcohol consumption (HAC) in patients with minor trauma. A survey was conducted in an ED in an inner-city university(More)
OBJECTIVE In health promotion studies, young age, male gender, low education, and substance use have been found to be relevant predictors of loss to follow-up. The purpose of this study was to assess factors of loss to follow-up after screening and tailored brief advice for alcohol problems in an emergency department setting. METHOD A randomized(More)