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Human spiral ganglion (SG) neurons show remarkable survival properties and maintain electric excitability for a long time after complete deafness and even separation from the organ of Corti, features essential for cochlear implantation. Here, we analyze and compare the localization and distribution of gap junction (GJ) intercellular channels and connexin 43(More)
HYPOTHESIS To study variations in human cochlea anatomy with potential implications for cochlear implantation surgery. BACKGROUND A comprehension of the anatomic variations of the human cochlea is essential for understanding the degree of surgical trauma induced by inserting various electrode arrays in cochlear implantation surgery. Variations in anatomy(More)
Time lapse video recordings of cultured adult human and guinea pig spiral ganglion (hSG and gpSG) show that mitogen responsive progenitor/stem cells develop in the form of spheres that proliferate and differentiate into mature neurons and glia cells. Neurospheres, cultured with EGF and bFGF showed expression of nestin and incorporation of(More)
Surgical human cochlear specimens were obtained during the removal of large posterior cranial fossa meningioma by a transcochlear approach in which the cochlea was removed for maximal exposure of the tumor and protection of important structures, such as the brainstem, cranial nerves, and pivotal blood vessels. The cochlear tissue was fixed and(More)
A TEM study was performed on freshly fixed human spiral ganglions (HSG) collected during skull base surgery. This technique gives well preserved tissue for ultrastructural analysis. Unlike spiral ganglion cells in mature animals so far studied, most HSG cells lack a myelin coat, but are surrounded by a thin rim of Schwann cell (SC) cytoplasm. In the region(More)
A transmission electron microscopy (TEM) study and synaptophysin immunoreactivity analysis of neurons in the human spiral ganglion was performed with particular emphasis on the demonstration of synapses. The study was based on surgical biopsy material obtained during transcochlear meningioma surgery. Vesiculated nerve endings of unmyelinated nerve fibers(More)
Sensory transduction in the cochlea depends on perilymphatic-endolymphatic potassium (K+) recycling. It has been suggested that the epithelial supporting cells (SCs) of the cochlear duct may form the intracellular K+ recycling pathway. Thus, they must be endowed with molecular mechanisms that facilitate K+ uptake and release, along with concomitant(More)
A morphological analysis was performed on a human cochlea removed during skull base surgery. The patient experienced a noise-induced hearing loss following 30 years of mechanical exposure. The tissue was processed according to the block surface technique and the organ of Corti, osseous spiral lamina and spiral ganglion were analyzed at different levels.(More)
Morphological changes of the endolymphatic sac were analyzed in guinea pigs following microinjection of artificial endolymph into the cochlea or withdrawal of a quantity of native endolymph. Injections were performed into the second turn of scala media with a micro-pump at a rate of 60-100 nl/min, lasting for a period of 4, 7. 5, 15 or 18 min. In withdrawal(More)
Scanning electron microscopy on immediately fixed human cochleae obtained during surgery for life-threatening petro-clival meningioma showed excellently preserved morphology. We compared the morphological findings with those from transmission electron microscopic sections of well preserved human and animal tissue. The characteristics of neural innervation,(More)