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HYPOTHESIS To study variations in human cochlea anatomy with potential implications for cochlear implantation surgery. BACKGROUND A comprehension of the anatomic variations of the human cochlea is essential for understanding the degree of surgical trauma induced by inserting various electrode arrays in cochlear implantation surgery. Variations in anatomy(More)
Time lapse video recordings of cultured adult human and guinea pig spiral ganglion (hSG and gpSG) show that mitogen responsive progenitor/stem cells develop in the form of spheres that proliferate and differentiate into mature neurons and glia cells. Neurospheres, cultured with EGF and bFGF showed expression of nestin and incorporation of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to investigate the perceptual benefits and potential risks of implanting the Nucleus(R) multichannel auditory brainstem implant. DESIGN Between September 1992 and October 1997 a total of 27 subjects received a Nucleus 20- or 21-channel Auditory Brainstem Implant (ABI). All subjects involved in the trial had bilateral(More)
Human spiral ganglion (SG) neurons show remarkable survival properties and maintain electric excitability for a long time after complete deafness and even separation from the organ of Corti, features essential for cochlear implantation. Here, we analyze and compare the localization and distribution of gap junction (GJ) intercellular channels and connexin 43(More)
HYPOTHESIS Human round window (RW) presents anatomic variations that may influence surgical approach. BACKGROUND The true shape of the human RW has been divisive since its first description in 1772 by Antonio Scarpa. Introduction of novel surgical strategies in recent years have raised its significance. Here, the human RW size and shape variations were(More)
In order to obtain information about the sequence of events leading to degenerative changes in the cochlea after acoustic trauma, a systematic LM study was performed in the guinea pig organ of Corti. The results were correlated with measurements of CAP N1 thresholds from the same animals. Twenty pigmented guinea pigs were used in the study. Ten of these(More)
Although the endolymphatic sac (ES) is thought to be a primary site for endolymph volume regulation, we have limited knowledge of how it responds to volume and pressure changes. In a prior publication, we demonstrated changes of K(+), Na(+) and endolymphatic sac potential (ESP) resulting from volume injections into, and withdrawals from, scala media of the(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal dominant disorder whose hallmark is bilateral vestibular schwannoma. It displays a pronounced clinical heterogeneity with mild to severe forms. The NF2 tumor suppressor (merlin/schwannomin) has been cloned and extensively analyzed for mutations in patients with different clinical variants of the disease.(More)
A time sequence study of the effect of hemilabyrinthectomy on the endolymphatic sac was performed in mice. Light and transmission electron microscopy of the sac showed significant morphological changes of the epithelial lining and adjacent structures. Initially (2 and 4 days post-labyrinthectomy) the sac lumen was collapsed, but later (7 days(More)
The anatomy of the adult human cochlear aqueduct and its surrounding structures, and their normal variations at tomography, microdissection and plastic molding are described. The mean length of the aqueduct is 12.9 mm and the mean width of its funnel-shaped external aperture 4.2 mm. The mean width of the narrowest portion is 0.14 mm. No difference in(More)