Helge Lyder Waldum

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BACKGROUND The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program has proven to be a significant resource in US neuroendocrine tumor (NET) epidemiology. Norway also holds a robust and detailed cancer registry: the Norwegian Registry of Cancer (NRC). METHODS SEER NET data were compared with corresponding NRC data in the(More)
AIMS The recent development of a rat model that closely resembles the metabolic syndrome allows to study the mechanisms of amelioration of the syndrome by exercise training. Here, we compared the effectiveness for reducing cardiovascular risk factors by exercise training programmes of different exercise intensities. METHODS AND RESULTS Metabolic syndrome(More)
AIMS Serotonergic pathways in the central nervous system (CNS) are activated in the regulation of food intake and body weight. We hypothesized that adipocytes, like other cells of mesenchymal origin, possess serotonin receptors and thus could be regulated by peripherally circulating serotonin. METHODS In vivo studies: four Sprague-Dawley rats were given(More)
Increasing doses of gastrin 1-17 (G1-17) were administered to totally isolated, vascularly perfused rat stomachs prestimulated with the phosphodiesterase inhibitor isobutyl methylxanthine (IMX). Vascular and luminal histamine outputs and luminal acid output were monitored at short intervals. G1-17 induced an immediate histamine release to the vascular(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate whether rats dosed with serotonin develop changes similar to those seen in human carcinoid heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Ten Sprague-Dawley rats were given serotonin injections subcutaneously once daily for 3 months; controls were given saline. A long-lasting hyperserotoninemia with a >10-fold(More)
We present a case of a gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma in a patient with a history of long-term proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use. A 49-year-old man using PPI for the last 15 years due to gastroesophageal reflux disease developed progressive dysphagia, dyspepsia and weight loss. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography and abdominal CT(More)
Recent studies have proposed a role for serotonin and its transporter in regulation of bone cell function. In the present study, we examined the in vitro effects of serotonin and the serotonin transporter inhibitor fluoxetine "Prozac" on osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Human mononuclear cells were differentiated into osteoclasts in the presence of serotonin or(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing between neuroendocrine carcinoma and adenocarcinoma may be difficult. METHODS In the current prospective study blood and tumor tissue from patients with gastric carcinoma were collected. The tissue was fixed in different ways to allow examination for neuroendocrine markers by multiple methods such as various histochemical and(More)
BACKGROUND The interrelationship between histamine and gastrin in the physiological regulation of gastric acid secretion is still a matter of dispute. CCK-2 receptors are located on enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells in corpus mucosa and gastrin stimulates acid production by releasing histamine from the ECL cells, which in turn stimulates the parietal cells.(More)